Snow leopard in Kanchenjunga, Nepal.

The Benefits of Integrating Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change Adaptation in Global Development

By Katherine Cunningham

Integrated biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation approaches can be instrumental in making people, places and wildlife more resilient to climate change. Beneficial outcomes may include improved food and water security, protection against the impacts of extreme weather events, more-secure livelihoods, the safeguarding of critical ecosystems and habitats, and carbon sequestration.

On Thursday, October 12, 2017 Climatelinks and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) hosted a Twitter chat to explore the benefits of integrating biodiversity conservation and adaptation. Chat participants weighed in on why conservation and climate change adaptation integration is important for achieving development goals, the co-benefits of integrating biodiversity conservation and adaptation, challenges to integration, and the role that ecosystem services play in supporting conservation and adaptation. Throughout the chat, participants also shared examples of successful integrated initiatives, including ecosystem-based adaptation approaches, that have benefited biodiversity and increased climate resilience. For example, WWF highlighted a project that is helping mountain communities in the snow leopard range in Asia coexist with the big cats, prepare for a resilient future and continue local stewardship of the environment.

A total of 35 participants joined the chat and collectively posted approximately 330 tweets throughout the discussion. Participating organizations included RTI International, IIED, +SocialGood, Climasphere, The Mountain Institute, Natural Capital Project, Sustainable Water Partnership, IUCN, Snow Leopard Trust, DAI, Sustainia, WWF Nepal and IISD. There were also several individuals who participated including representatives from GIZ, the UN Foundation and other conservation and climate change practitioners. 

Key takeaways and highlights from the chat:

  • Integrating biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation into development programming is important because healthy ecosystems underpin human well-being and economic development. This is especially true for vulnerable communities that directly rely on ecosystems for their livelihoods. 
  • Climate change is impacting wildlife habitats as well as human communities. In the case of the snow leopard, an integrated conservation-adaptation approach to protect its habitat in Asia can also strengthen water security. The snow leopard habitat overlaps with the Third Pole, a moniker for the Himalayan and Tibetan Plateau region because it stores the largest amount of permanent ice outside of the North and South poles. This serves as an important water source for over 1 billion people in Asia. Learn more by exploring the Third Pole GeoLab
  • There are many ways to integrate conservation and adaptation. The Natural Capital Project shared how the Belize coastal management plan aims to protect mangroves, seagrass and coral reefs which in turn protect shorelines from extreme weather events leading to a decrease in coastal hazard risk, an increase in biodiversity and better economic opportunity for those who depend on fishing and tourism for their livelihoods. The Mountain Institute discussed how their Ancestral Technologies project in Peru restores wetlands, peatlands, and grasslands of the Puna ecosystems in the central Andes. Working with local families to revive ancestral water regulating systems has led to improved availability of local water for people and wildlife, increased livestock and crop productivity, and greater abundance of biodiversity in the surrounding ecosystem. 
  • Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches can help bridge the gap between biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation. Read about a new tool developed by IISD in collaboration with IUCN that helps practitioners identify and prioritize EbA options.  
  • Although the practice of integrating conservation and climate adaptation in development is growing, substantial challenges remain to making it wide scale. Participants described challenges such as:
  1. Rigid, separate funding that can pose challenges to integrated program design (take a look at USAID’s report Integrating Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Activity Design for potential solutions to this challenge)
  2. Adaptive measures, like infrastructure, can negatively impact water systems and biodiversity
  3. Uncertainty about how and to what degree specific species, communities or habitats will be impacted by climate change. Lack of sufficient historical data means there is also uncertainty about which climate change effects to plan for
  4. Women, indigenous peoples, youth and other important stakeholders are often left out of the conversation which means their views priorities, needs and ideas will likely not be represented in activities. This impacts community buy-in and distribution of benefits, risking long-term success and sustainability of activities
  5. Finding community adaptation measures (food, water, energy) that deliver maximum benefits for wildlife as well as people 
  6. Limited knowledge about status of biodiversity limits informed decision-making

To learn more about integrating biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation, we encourage you to scroll through the chat below where you will find helpful resources and perspectives shared by participants.

 

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Co-Benefits of Integrating Biodiversity Conservation and Adaptation

On October 12, 2017 Climatelinks and the World Wildlife Fund hosted a Twitter chat to discuss the benefits of integrating biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation in global development programming.

 
  1.  

    Check out our blog summarizing key highlights from this chat!

  2.  
    How can biodiversity conservation support climate resilience? Share your thoughts at #ConservationAdaptation chat: https://t.co/ZIGcI1gf9l https://t.co/xyohA5kMQt
    How can biodiversity conservation support climate resilience? Share your thoughts at #ConservationAdaptation chat:  http://ow.ly/nmup30fFcgd  pic.twitter.com/xyohA5kMQt
     
  3.  
    Welcome to today’s chat on biodiversity conservation & climate adaptation hosted by Climatelinks & @WWFscience! #ConservationAdaptation
     
  4.  

    Question 1: Why is it important to integrate conservation and climate adaptation efforts to achieve development goals?

  5.  
    A1: Ecosystems underpin econom dev & human well-being. Conservation = resilience in face of a changing climate #ConservationAdaptation
     
  6.  
    A1 Climate change impacts high mountain ecosystems (glaciers, streams, alpine grassland) where snow leopards live. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  7.  
    A1 Snow leopards need vast areas to roam. Climate change severs their paths, making it difficult to hunt & breed. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  8.  
  9.  
    A1: Really good sustainable development needs to consider both environment & development goals together. #ConservationAdaptation 1/2
     
  10.  
  11.  
    @climatelinks A1: From an EbA perspective, integrity & diversity of ecosystems and their components is key to CCA and SD. #ConservationAdaptation (1/4)
     
  12.  
    @climatelinks Especially poor communities & people are most vulnerable to CC effects, and have least resources to adjust. #ConservationAdaptation (2/4)
     
  13.  
    @climatelinks Degraded ecosystems increase vulnerability to CC. Through ES conservation and EbA many SDGs can be achieved. #ConservationAdaptation (3/4)
     
  14.  
    @climatelinks Many EbA solutions are strongly linked to both SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 15 (Life on Land) #ConservationAdaptation (4/4)
     
  15.  
    A1 Rural livelihoods rely on ecosystems + biodiversity. Conservation is essential for socio-economic growth #ConservationAdaptation
     
  16.  
    A1: Human wellbeing depends on healthy, functioning ecosystems #ConservationAdaptation (1/4)
     
  17.  
  18.  
    @AmyDanielsGCC not to mention the humongous economic benefits humans reap from ecosystems for free! #conservationadaptation
     
  19.  
    A1: Without conservation and climate adaptation, development goals cannot be achieved #ConservationAdaptation (2/4)
     
  20.  
    A1 Continued climate change will exacerbate food and water insecurity in many communities #ConservationAdaptation (3/4)
     
  21.  
    A1 Inadequate conse & adapt will harm people, esp those who rely on agriculture, forestry, fisheries, tourism #ConservationAdaptation (4/4)
     
  22.  
    A1: The need to protect all life, below water & on land is emphasized by the #SDGs which can only be done through #conservation efforts tailored to our changing #climate #SDG13 #ConservationAdaptation
     
  23.  
    A1: #Climatechange causes shifts in habitats & affects vulnerable species, undermining #conservation efforts to protect precise geographic areas #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918477742974341120 
     
  24.  
    A1: Biodiversity #conservation efforts also strengthen climate adaptation goals! Healthy ecosystems can better withstand changes in climate. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  25.  
    A1: Therefore, we must consider current & future #climate impacts in order to sustain conservation & #globaldev gains! #ConservationAdaptation
     
  26.  
  27.  
    @climatelinks A1 climate change is already having huge impacts in landscapes and communities around the world #conservationadaptation
     
  28.  
    A1 Also snow leopard habitat overlaps w/ important water sources for Asia, so resilience is important to #SDG6 too #ConservationAdaptation
     
  29.  
  30.  
  31.  
    A1: The #GlobalGoals demand that we leave no one behind. We must work to protect our planet, people & animals. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  32.  
    A1: We need strong, #climate resilient communities to achieve health + prosperity for all life - people AND animals. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918477742974341120 
     
  33.  
    A1 #snowleopards represent an ecosystem that provides water to billions of humans downstream! Strong linkages... #conservationadaptation
     
  34.  
  35.  
    @climatelinks integrated approach contributes to ecological & community resilience contributing to sust. devpt goals #conservationadaptation
     
  36.  
    @climatelinks A1: Healthy ecosystems R resilient! This = less vulnerability & more options for securing sustainable livelihoods. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  37.  
  38.  
    We cannot achieve any of our development goals without a healthy planet, people & animal population. #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918477742974341120 
     
  39.  
    @snowleopards and millions of people depend on benefits to livelihoods provided by snow leopards and their habitat, like water #conservationadaptation
     
  40.  
    A1 Our planet is filled with a variety of life! #Conservation protects it&creates a more well-adapted environment #ConservationAdaptation
     
  41.  
    A1: Enhanced natural resource mgmt is important tool for vulnerability reduction to climate risks/adaptive capacity #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918477742974341120 
     
  42.  
    A1 Rural livelihoods rely on ecosystems + biodiversity. Conservation is essential for socio-economic growth #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918477742974341120 
     
  43.  
    A1. To a larger extent these are factors which affect so many areas in rural & urban development #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918477742974341120 
     
  44.  

    Question 2: What are examples of integrated interventions that have benefited biodiversity & increased climate resilience?

  45.  
    A2 In Kyrgyzstan, building water storage tanks, educating the community about snow leopards and climate change. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  46.  
    A2: Belize used natural capital in its coastal mgmt plan to protect habitats -mangroves, seagrass, coral #ConservationAdaptation (1/3)
     
  47.  
    A2 This protects shorelines from extreme weather amplified by climate change & sustains fisheries and tourism #ConservationAdaptation (2/3)
     
  48.  
    A2 #ConservationAdaptation decreases coastal hazard risk, incr biodiv & improves lives. C new MacArthur fellow @KateOrff @scape_studio (3/3)
     
  49.  
  50.  
  51.  
    A2 Supporting new livelihoods (eg ecotourism, handicraft production) provides alternatives to unsustainable ones #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918479491961376769 
     
  52.  
  53.  
    A2 Climate manifests thru water (droughts, floods, GLOFs) so important to bld resilience of freshwater ecosystems #ConservationAdaptation
     
  54.  
    A2: Arizona’s Sky Islands are extremely biodiverse but threatened by warming: https://t.co/5jQUZfwC3S (1/2) #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/FSqQPhmF9h
    A2: Arizona’s Sky Islands are extremely biodiverse but threatened by warming:  http://bit.ly/2y7YKDH  (1/2) #ConservationAdaptation pic.twitter.com/FSqQPhmF9h
     
  55.  
    A2: To protect species, conservationists use #climate projections to identify & preserve freshwater habitats. (2/2) #ConservationAdaptation
     
  56.  
    A2 Planting fodder crops in Bhutan to reduce pressure on natural pastures and improve watershed management. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  57.  
    @climatelinks A2: R Ancestral Technologies project restores Andes wetlands in "puna" ecosystems. Alpaca/vicuña depend on this H2O. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  58.  
    @climatelinks A2 Conservation & sustainable use of páramo ecosystems as a response to CC, Ecuador  https://goo.gl/3qUTKQ  #ConservationAdaptation (1/3)
     
  59.  
    @climatelinks A2 e.g. Building with Nature for safe, prosperous and adaptive coastlines, Indonesia  https://goo.gl/ScM6uv  #ConservationAdaptation (2/3)
     
  60.  
    @climatelinks A2 Further examples can be found under PANORAMA – Solutions for a healthy planet,  https://goo.gl/o5JUDK  #ConservationAdaptation (3/3)
     
  61.  
    @mat_bert @climatelinks especially in high mountain and rural communities directly dependent on ecosystems for livelihoods #conservationadaptation
     
  62.  
    A2 GSLEP, unique 12-country alliance is for #snowleopard conservation, climate adaptation, regional development #conservationadaptation
     
  63.  
    @snowleopards see  http://www.thirdpolegeolab.org  for interactive maps that show the links between conservation, water, and climate change #conservationadaptation
     
  64.  
    A2: Restoring degraded soils & adopting soil conservation practices can ↑ crop yields & reduce carbon emissions from #ag. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918479491961376769 
     
  65.  
    A2: Also, sustainable cattle ranching can reduce #GHG, & better protect habitats that are critical to biodiversity. #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/GQxqytE1IX
    A2: Also, sustainable cattle ranching can reduce #GHG, & better protect habitats that are critical to biodiversity. #ConservationAdaptation pic.twitter.com/GQxqytE1IX
     
  66.  
    A2: We’re working w/ @MagaGuatemala to do all this & more through our @USAIDGuate Low Emission Development Project. Learn more: https://t.co/Ikn990EUwG #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/YnuMV4LaKT
    A2: We’re working w/ @MagaGuatemala to do all this & more through our @USAIDGuate Low Emission Development Project. Learn more:  http://bit.ly/2yhTRYF  #ConservationAdaptation pic.twitter.com/YnuMV4LaKT
     
  67.  
  68.  
    Security snow leopard habit means securing water tower & making adaptation to be successful #ConservationAdapation #conservationadaptation
     
  69.  
    Climate-smart livelihoods prepare communities for a resilient future & stewardship of their local environment #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A2 Reforestation restores habitats for biodiversity, improves #water cycle & reduces erosion #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/iwDfglQsPu https://t.co/MnU1tmIRfS
    A2 Reforestation restores habitats for biodiversity, improves #water cycle & reduces erosion #ConservationAdaptation  http://wnrck.org/2wQ9Ppm  pic.twitter.com/MnU1tmIRfS
     
  71.  
    A2: In Nepal citizen scientists 2 monitor watershed health, biodiversity & drinking water  https://goo.gl/9YvWWk  #ConservationAdaptation
     
  72.  
    @AmyDanielsGCC C Scientists also monitor climate impact factors and umbrella mountain species like snow leopard #conservationadaptation
     
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    A2 Innovative solutions are being used to protect biodiversity. Learn more with @iddrilefil:  https://trib.al/L0p8lVh  #ConservationAdaptation
     
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  75.  
    A2 Climate-Smart Management Plans for 23 #snowleopard landscapes in prep! 6 complete, awaiting implementation... #conservationadaptation
     
  76.  
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    A2. Intensive rural engagement cannot be overlooked. These are people that are affected most. Education! #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918479491961376769 
     
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    For lessons learned on integrating #ConservationAdaptation, USAID brief provides analysis from 11 activities  http://ow.ly/8gst30fPni7 
     
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    We also recommend checking out the work @HIHngo is doing: “Saving Forests w/ a Stethoscope”  http://ow.ly/KDA130fPnRu  #ConservationAdaptation
     
  81.  

    Question 3: What are the co-benefits of integrating biodiversity conservation and adaptation?

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  83.  
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  85.  
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    A3: Resilient communities—both ecological and human! #ConservationAdaptation (1/4)
     
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    A3: 4 e.g.., coral reef tourism brings livelihoods and big $ but rising sea temperatures threaten coral reefs #ConservationAdaptation (2/4)
     
  88.  
    A3 Sustainable reef tourism & curbing CO2 emissions protects the reef & $ and livelihoods eco-tourism provides #ConservationAdaptation (3/4)
     
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    A3 Water can be tough to talk about, but snow leopards & climate are points of engagement #ConservationAdaptation  http://ow.ly/glrC30fPsOQ 
     
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    A3: Conserving diverse habitats for wildlife also improves food & water security for people. It’s a win-win! #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A3: Traditional biodiversity conservation efforts that reduce NON-climate stressors can also reduce the vulnerability of ecosystems to #climatechange. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
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    A3: For ex, ↓ fishing & land-based pollutants not only enhances coral reef health, but can ↑ resilience of reefs to climate impacts like thermal bleaching & ocean acidification. #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A3: Healthier reefs then provide greater benefits for communities, incl. ↑ fishing income, tourism, & protection from storm surges. #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A3: Adaptation focused on enhanced natural resource mgmt may benefit poor more than large-scale structural measures #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
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    A3: Ecosystem-based adaptation = many co-benefits: cost-effectiveness, GHG mitigation, less poverty, well-being #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
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    @climatelinks A3 communities are more resilient to worsening climate change impacts & reduce pressure on ecosystems and wildlife #conservationadaptation
     
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    @climatelinks Climate-smart developt options are critical for resilient future for people & their environement #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A3 Human response to climate change critical threat to #snowleopards. Adaptation to reduce conflict imperative! #conservationadaptation
     
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    A3: When we think about things holistically, we are able to better address root causes and effects. #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A3: Integrating #biodiversity & #conservation ensures that a regions' niche needs are being met which protects all life, below water & on land #SDG14 #SDG15 #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
  103.  
    A3 #ConservationAdaptation supports healthy ecosystems for people and animals, while helping them adapt to the changing climate.
     
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    A3: Vicuña herds thrive on restored puna wetlands. Their valuable fleece is a sustainable income source for locals. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
  105.  
    We must thinking about all threats & protect our biodiversity from both people and climate change. #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
  106.  
    @anniero2727 relatively easier to project from people but harder under climate requiring more holistic approach #conservationadaptation
     
  107.  
    @ghanagrg Absolutely. That is why we must both adapt our behavior as people and build resilience against a changing climate. #conservationadaptation
     
  108.  
  109.  
    Finding community adaptation measures (food, water, energy) that deliver maximum benefits for snow leopards too #ConservationAdaptation
     
  110.  
    A3 Diverse livelihoods improves economic development and protects snow leopard habitat. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  111.  
     
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    @climatelinks A3 Lower cost of applying EbA + multiple benefits (habitat, food, tourism, shelter) vs. grey infrastructure, #ConservationAdaptation (1/3)
     
  113.  
    @climatelinks A3 Low-regret character & sustaining ecosystem services offered by #EbA compared to grey infrastructure, #ConservationAdaptation (2/3)
     
  114.  
    A3 Human dependence on natural ecosystems much bigger than estimated! Climate Adaptation = Smart Economic Decision #conservationadaptation
     
  115.  
    A3 Improved communities and protection of wildlife #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A3: Opportunities for community engagement generates social, economic and cultural co-benefits. #conservationadaptation (1/2)  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918481255376850944 
     
  118.  

    Question 4: What are some challenges to integrating biodiversity conservation and adaptation activities?

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    A4 One of the biggest challenges to #ConservationAdaptation is cross-sectoral integration. Most governments are v sectoral. 1/2
     
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    A4 High mountain landscapes are remote, rugged, formidable places, making any activity time consuming and costly. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
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    A4 Insufficient historical data means a lot of uncertainty about which climate change effects to plan for. #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    Q4 Sometimes adaptive measures, like infrastructure, can negatively impact water ecosystems #ConservationAdaptation  http://ow.ly/NQlx30fPuHR 
     
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    A4 We must continue to link the issues. Most groups are working separately on the issues - we need to work together! #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A4: Like with much of our work, it takes a lot of parties to get on same page—this can be challenging. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
  128.  
    A4: A challenge to integrated #ConservationAdaptation = not always knowing how & to what degree specific species, communities, or habitats will be impacted by #climatechange.  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
  129.  
    Chge:Finding community adaptation measures (food/water/energy) that deliver maximum benefits for snow leopards too #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    A4 Limited knowledge about status of biodiversity, e.g. #snowleopard populations limit informed decision making #conservationadaptation
     
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    We must coordinate our responses so that our solutions to one problem do not negatively impact the other. #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
  132.  
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    @cynthia_sul The key may also lie on the messaging! Strategies for engagement may need to be customized... #conservationadaptation
     
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    A4: Some communities may not understand the value of conservation & adaptation. Education is key - & it's up to us! #ConservationAdaptation
     
  135.  
    @climatelinks A4 : Work across different sectors & mindsets (e.g. engineering, agriculture, finance, planning etc), #ConservationAdaptation (1/4)
     
  136.  
    @climatelinks A4 communication among and between different institutions and stakeholders (esp. government, civil society), #ConservationAdaptation (2/4)
     
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    @climatelinks A4 - still difficult to justify the relevance and effectiveness of #EbA measures esp on biophysical aspects. #ConservationAdaptation (3/4)
     
  138.  
    @climatelinks A4- Coherence between national and local policies both under climate change and biodiversity. #ConservationAdaptation (4/4)
     
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    A4: Complexity! We need climate-smart multi-stakeholder landscape management plans to ensure #ConservationAdaptation across all sectors.  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
  140.  
    A4: Biodiversity conservation & climate adaptation are often considered separate activities #ConservationAdaptation (1/3)
     
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    A4 Protecting forest integrity & biodiversity, for e.g., protects key carbon sinks, which offset CO2 emissions #ConservationAdaptation (2/3)
     
  142.  
    Along coasts grey infrstrct is go-to; green still seen as unproven despite evidence, co-benefits, and gr8 need #ConservationAdaptation (3/3)
     
  143.  
    A4 We need more collaboration between govt departments responsible for sustainability, forestry, fisheries, etc. #conservationadaptation
     
  144.  
    A4: N Himalayas, changing long-held views about mtn wildlife--snow leopard traditionally seen as mtn herders' enemy. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
  145.  
    A4: Conservation planning must be flexible—effectiveness should be continuously assessed/refined based on new info #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918483200627892224 
     
  146.  
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    A4: spatial segregation of BD and AD interventions=mgmt challenges to integrated activities #ConservationAdaptation
     
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    Question 5: What role do ecosystem services play in supporting conservation and climate change adaptation?

  150.  
  151.  
    A5 Nature is the backbone of high mountain livelihoods, since infrastructure and services are limited. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  152.  
    @climatelinks A5 As the climate changes, so do ES; central to address those changes as part of any adaptation efforts #ConservationAdaptation
     
  153.  
    A5: They play a crucial role in sustaining life on earth! They provide food & resources, help regulate climate & purify our air, and must be safeguarded in #ConservationAdaptation efforts.  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918484828680572933 
     
  154.  
    @climatelinks better the conservation, greater the ecosystem services that supports conservation & cc adaptation #conservationadaptation
     
  155.  
    A5 Central to adaptation, especially for the poorest & most vulnerable 1/2 #ConservationAdaptation
     
  156.  
    ...who have done little to cause climate change but are most affected by it! #ConservationAdaptation 2/2
     
  157.  
  158.  
    A5 Ecosystem services contribute to 40 times than annual per capita incomes of local communities! #conservationadaptation
     
  159.  
    A5: Ecosystem services can reduce impact of natural disasters/provide essential resources & alternative livelihoods #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918484828680572933 
     
  160.  
  161.  
    A5 Ecosystem services enable life in high mountain landscapes: water, soil for crops, grassland for grazing. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  162.  
    @climatelinks A5 Ecosystem-based Adaptation approaches provide options for sustainable & efficient adaptation #gender #environment #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/tZXd8wgB8T
    @climatelinks A5 Ecosystem-based Adaptation approaches provide options for sustainable & efficient adaptation #gender #environment #ConservationAdaptation pic.twitter.com/tZXd8wgB8T
     
  163.  
    A5: Imp 2 consider climate impacts on ecosystems themselves cuz impacts their ability to provide adaptation benefits #ConservationAdaptation
     
  164.  
    A5: Ecosystem services show diverse values of #ConservationAdaptation, helping stakeholders and decision-makers understand trade-offs (1/3)
     
  165.  
    A5: For e.g., short-term maximizing of coral reef tourism can destroy reefs & tourism revenues in the future (2/3) #ConservationAdaptation
     
  166.  
    A5 Ecosystem svcs are things that matter: they can be metrics compared through alt mngmt & climate scenarios (3/3) #ConservationAdaptation
     
  167.  
    A5: Ecosystem services are essential. Coral reefs support biodiversity + help protect people from storm surge. #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/lKq8C8R60Q
    A5: Ecosystem services are essential. Coral reefs support biodiversity + help protect people from storm surge. #ConservationAdaptation pic.twitter.com/lKq8C8R60Q
     
  168.  
    Q5 Nature is resilient! Best chance to adapt to changing climate is natural infrastructure #ConservationAdaptation  http://ow.ly/VDgx30fPvLm 
     
  169.  
    @geec0 the problem is take a bit of time to be naturally resilient where changes are pretty fast #conservationadaptation
     
  170.  
    A5: Helping communities & authorities see the monetary value of ecosystem services can help get buy-in to #ConservationAdaptation efforts.  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918484828680572933 
     
  171.  
    A5: Conservationists sometimes shy away from defining nature's value in monetary terms (with good reason). #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/MatthiasFi/status/918485811343085568 
     
  172.  
    @climatelinks A5-Within climate change adaptation strategies, regulating services such as extreme event buffering, are key. #ConservationAdaptation (1/1)
     
  173.  
    @climatelinks A5- understanding of ES and their functions can significantly improve conservation and adaptation efforts. #ConservationAdaptation (2/2)
     
  174.  
  175.  
    @mat_bert @climatelinks In landlock country like Nepal..vital services is water security as well #ConservationAdaptation
     
  176.  
    A5: Ecosystem services remind us of why we need to invest in conservation and biodiversity. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  177.  
    @climatelinks water, soil, biodiv, clim regulation, reducing floods, all critical to resilient livelihoods, devpment, adaptation #conservationadaptation
     
  178.  
    We need Mother Nature more than she needs us. Ecosystem services remind us the cost of not acting. #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918484828680572933 
     
  179.  
  180.  
  181.  
    A5: A healthy ecosystem like an immune system. It protects those who rely on it & enables recovery/adaptation 2 CC. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918484828680572933 
     
  182.  
    @TheMountainInst but ecosystems also changing due to climate change; need to help them adapt too #conservationadaptation
     
  183.  
    Diversify & improve the sustainability of livelihoods to increase incomes & reduce pressure on local ecosystems #ConservationAdaptation
     
  184.  
  185.  
    A5: Mangroves provide essential services, incl. carbon sequestration & coastal protection. Protecting these services ↑ ecosystem health & resilience to #climatechange. #ConservationAdaptation https://t.co/JdcitypJT5
    A5: Mangroves provide essential services, incl. carbon sequestration & coastal protection. Protecting these services ↑ ecosystem health & resilience to #climatechange. #ConservationAdaptation pic.twitter.com/JdcitypJT5
     
  186.  
  187.  
    @climatelinks A5:According 2 @UNEP Destroying mangrove forests will cost $2 billion a year upto 2050 & contribute 2 #climatechange #conservationadaptation
     
  188.  

    Question 6: More specifically, what are examples of successful ecosystem-based adaptation approaches?

  189.  
    In Nepal, livelihood diversification through ecotourism, protecting water sources, irrigation for crops #conservationadaptation
     
  190.  
    A6: Full community participation w/ snow leopard conservation in Asia’s high mountains. @WWFscience #ConservationAdaptation
     
  191.  
    A6 Climate smart conservation in hotter drier Rio Grande is securing water 4 people & nature #ConservationAdaptation  http://ow.ly/eSEr30fPvVn 
     
  192.  
    A6 Improved livestock management (eg pasture rotation) restores grassland & improves resilience of alpine ecosystems #ConservationAdaptation
     
  193.  
  194.  
    A6: According to studies, every mile of continuous wetlands is believed to reduce storm surge by 8 to 20 cm #ConservationAdaptation
     
  195.  
  196.  
    See paper on Smallholder farming systems in Southwest China:  http://pubs.iied.org/14664IIED  #ConservationAdaptation 2/3
     
  197.  
  198.  
  199.  
  200.  
    A6 @nature.org, NatCap & Dow in TX found wetlands decr height of levee needed & provided many other benes #ConservationAdaptation (2/4)
     
  201.  
    A6 @nature.org built oyster reefs in Mobile Bay, AL to reduce erosion onshore #ConservationAdaptation (3/4)
     
  202.  
    A6 Lots of great green and hybrid solutions from @rebuildbydesign for hurricane Sandy #ConservationAdaptation (4/4)
     
  203.  
    @climatelinks A6: R Medicinal & Aromatic plants program protects wild plants & is a hi-value livelihood alternative 4 mtn farmers #ConservationAdaptation
     
  204.  
    A6: Our Ancestral Technologies proj restores native grasslands, boosts biodiver & avail H2O for better livelihoods. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918487076873654273 
     
  205.  
    #conservationadaptation It is crucial for developing and implementing localized integrated approach/mechanisms to adaptation
     
  206.  
     
  207.  
    A6 Protecting spring sources improved water security for climate-smart village in Bhutan  http://www.thirdpolegeolab.org/story/bhutan  #ConservationAdaptation
     
  208.  
  209.  
    @climatelinks A6 Nigg Bay Coastal Realignment Project, Scotld  https://goo.gl/6btEid  : saltwater marshes agnst coastal flooding #ConservationAdaptation
     
  210.  
  211.  
  212.  
    A6 Improved wildlife conservation. And I can mention @WWFscience doing a great work! #ConservationAdaptation
     
  213.  
    A6: Ecosystem-based Adaptation in the fragile mountains' ecosystems in Uganda. Read more:  http://bit.ly/2gzsiAx  #ConservationAdaptation
     
  214.  

    Question 7 (last question): How does supporting alternative livelihoods complement climate adaptation and conservation efforts?

  215.  
    Preparing fodder stock for now frequent dzud (extreme winter) in #Mongolia helps save 1000s of livestock #conservationadaptation
     
  216.  
    A7 With diversified income, people depend less on natural resources & improve sustainability of current activities. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  217.  
    A7: We absolutely need the support of local communities as stewards for conservation & climate. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918488326977531904 
     
  218.  
    A7 What’s good for nature & wildlife is good for communities, & vice versa #ConservationAdaptation
     
  219.  
     
  220.  
  221.  
    A7: Our fav. example= nature-based tourism. It helps ↓ fishing pressure on coral reefs, which in turn provide more coastal protection. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  222.  
    A7: Also, communities w/ diversified income sources are more resilient to #climatechange & can better withstand climate shocks. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  223.  
    @RTI_INTL_DEV @DAIGlobal @WorldBank But also highly threatened by sea level rise; have to give space to move so they can continue to provide benefits #conservationadaptation
     
  224.  
    A7 Alternative livelihoods diversify incomes and increase resilience to natural disasters/climate change #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918488326977531904 
     
  225.  
    A7 More diverse livelihoods = more resilience for adapting to #ClimateChange! #conservationadaptation
     
  226.  
  227.  
  228.  
    A7: Community with sustainable & diverse sources of livelihood will be more open to coexisting with wildlife #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918488326977531904 
     
  229.  
    A7 Not sure what “alt” means here, but healthy economies & sust livelihoods depend on healthy ecosystems now & later #ConservationAdaptation
     
  230.  
    To add on, check out resource on Cost-Benefit Analysis of Mangrove Restoration for Coastal Protection in Mozambique #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/RTI_INTL_DEV/status/918487248873705472 
     
  231.  
  232.  
    A7: Alt sustnble livelihoods can help conserve habitat & wildlife 2 restore ecosystems 2 health = resilience to CC. #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918488326977531904 
     
  233.  
    @climatelinks A7: Alt sustnble livelihoods can help conserve habitat & wildlife 2 restore ecosystems 2 health = resilience to CC. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  234.  
    A7: Sustainable livelihoods are the basis for a community's capacity to conserve wildlife & adapt to climate change #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918488326977531904 
     
  235.  
  236.  
    @climatelinks A7: see Peruvian Amazon Forest Conservation thru livelihood diversification as example:  https://goo.gl/3UpKg6  #ConservationAdaptation
     
  237.  
    A7: People need to change their lifestyles to adapt to climate change and prevent further biodiversity damage. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  238.  
    A7 Interests of local communities via climate smart management planning central to the #GSLEP program! #ConservationAdaptation
     
  239.  
  240.  
    Mountain communities require extra preparation for CC adaptation while projecting snow leopards @ #conservationadaptation
     
  241.  
    A7 Alternative livelihoods can improve ecosystems and ensure diversified income flow #ConservationAdaptation
     
  242.  
    @climatelinks A7 less dep. on highly variable resources inc livelihood resilience to weather shocks, let ecosystems bounce back #conservationadaptation
     
  243.  
  244.  
    We need to stop living in a way that takes our earth, animals, and resources for granted. Respect our planet! #conservationadaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918488326977531904 
     
  245.  
  246.  
  247.  
  248.  
    @climatelinks @WWFscience Thank you, that was fun... wish we could discuss this for longer though :-) #conservationadaptation
     
  249.  
    That concludes our chat! Thank you to @WWFscience & everyone who joined for sharing in such a great convo on #ConservationAdaptation
     
  250.  
    To learn more check out our newsletter highlighting how USAID is supporting integration of #ConservationAdaptation  http://ow.ly/XntH30fPmcR 
     
  251.  
    We’ll also produce a Storify to capture today’s fruitful discussion & post it on our blog:  https://www.climatelinks.org/blog  #ConservationAdaptation
     
  252.  
    We hope you continue engaging w/ each other to share best practices & lessons learned that can inform your work on #ConservationAdaptation
     
  253.  
  254.  
    Was great to follow along and read about all this incredible work. Amazed by my @WWFscience colleagues. #ConservationAdaptation
     
  255.  
    Thank you. Great being a part of this conversation on biodiversity #ConservationAdaptation. catch U up later @ghanagrg
     
  256.  
    That was fun and informative. Thanks for hosting. (We even managed to deal with the long hashtag!) #ConservationAdaptation  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918490451530977280 
     
  257.  
    @climatelinks @WWFscience Thanks for hosting such a great & much-needed conversation on #ConservationAdaptation! /Amy
     
  258.  
  259.  
  260.  
  261.  
    @climatelinks @WWFscience thank you for the fast streaming of brilliant ideas, models and strategies! #conservationadaptation
     
  262.  
    Thank for hosting and looking forward to the next.... cheers #conservationadaptation
     
  263.  
    Thanks for hosting @climatelinks & @WWFscience! We enjoyed getting to hear from other groups who are equally passionate about integrating #ConservationAdaptation!  https://twitter.com/climatelinks/status/918490451530977280 
     
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Strategic Objective
Adaptation, Integration
Topics
Adaptation, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Resilience, Water and Sanitation
Region
Africa, Asia, Global

Katherine Cunningham

Katherine serves as the social media manager, content entry, and work flow coordinator for Climatelinks. She also assists with research and writing. Katherine has a Bachelor's degree in International Relations with a focus on environmental resources. She previously worked at Americans for Peace Now, a non-profit dealing with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Katherine is committed to helping solve the climate crisis and is excited to apply her skills on the Climatelinks team.

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