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Building Resilience: Climate Risk Management and International Development

On September 26, 2016, Climatelinks and co-sponsors USAID, the Climate and Development Knowledge Network, Future Climate for Africa, International Institute for Environment and Development and World Wildlife Fund hosted a Twitter chat on climate risk management.

  1. During the chat, participants discussed what climate risk management is, examples of climate risk management activities around the world and key takeaways and lessons learned from these activities. Participants also shared useful tools and resources, some of which you can find in the list below. Provide your comments (by using the Disqus feature below) on this discussion and on what climate risk management tools and resources you use!
  2. Climate Risk Management Resources & Tools
  3. Caribbean Climate Online Risk and Adaptation Tool (CCORAL) - This Caribbean-focused tool helps organizations make climate resilient decisions.
  4. Climate Change in Your Sector - This tool provides illustrative climate stresses, direct and indirect impacts, and possible adaptation and mitigation responses relevant to specific sectors.
  5. Climate Change Knowledge Portal for Development Practitioners and Policy Makers - This portal provides an online tool for access to comprehensive global, regional, and country data related to climate change and development.
  6. Climate-Smart Planning Platform - This platform aims to make it easier for practitioners to locate and access the tools, data, and knowledge that they need for climate-smart planning.
  7. Guide: What does it take to mainstream disaster risk management in key sectors? - This guide draws on the experience of CDKN’s programs on climate-related disaster risk management (DRM) within the context of climate compatible development.
  8. Promoting the use of climate information to achieve long-term development objectives in sub-Saharan Africa: Results from the Future Climate for Africa scoping phase - This report highlights the limitations of climate information as a result of the quality and accessibility of data; the capacity to interpret and apply climate information and the problem of decision-making in light of uncertainty, and identifies the opportunities available to support the greater use of climate information.
  9. Small Island States Resilience Initiative - The Initiative brings together experiences from disaster risk management and climate resilience to help reduce fragmentation of the financial landscape, provide technical assistance to overcome capacity challenges in fiduciary and technical aspects of investments, and assist Small Island States in accessing scaled up and more efficient financing for resilience.
  10. USAID Climate Risk Management Resources - These resources include country-specific climate change fact sheets that summarize existing information on current and expected future climate changes as well as country-level greenhouse gas emissions.
  11. WWF Adapt - This resource provides learning tools that help conservation, development and humanitarian professionals better understand climate change adaptation, resilience-building and multi-hazard disaster risk reduction and their relationships to the natural environment.
  12. Read on to explore the full chat conversation:
  13. Welcome to today’s chat on climate risk management & international development. For those joining, please introduce yourself. #ClimateRM
  14. Hi, Twitter! Grateful to be part of this important conversation. I'm Sofia Bettencourt, @GFDRR's Lead Adaptation Specialist #ClimateRM (1/2)
  15. Climate risk management = inseparable part of #sustainabledevelopment & @GFDRR's mission. Looking forward to our discussion #ClimateRM (2/2)
  16. #climateRM I'm Shaun Martin of WWF Climate Resilience Team happyy to be joining today
  17. Hello to #ClimateRM participants: CDKN assists developing country govts manage #climaterisk & supports stakeholder debate, knowledge-sharing
  18. @climatelinks We're a pan-African network of organisations working on solutions to sustainable devt. joining from Cape Town #ClimateRM
  19. I am Egwuatu Onyedika from Nigerian Youths Against Climate Change. I'm glad to be here. #ClimateRM
  20. Hi! I'm Becky Chacko, lead for climate change integration at USAID. #ClimateRM
  21. We find long term #climaterisk info seldom used in Africa
    policymaking when it should be; see study: 
  22. FCFA teams are asking African decisionmakers what type of #climateinformation is most useful to them; help situate #SDG plans #climateRM
  23. Let’s get started. We know #climatechange will impact development goals, but let’s delve into this point further. #ClimateRM
  24. Question 1: What risks are associated with climate change and how do they impact development?

  25. A1: More weather disasters, food & water shortages, disease outbreaks, displacement of people, & impacts on nature. -Shaun #ClimateRM
  26. A1: #Climatechange fuels frequency & intensity of weather-related disasters, e.g, drought, floods, and storm surges #ClimateRM (1/3)
  27. A1: Development suffers when #climate-related disasters impact populations, assets, ecosystems & economies #ClimateRM (2/3)
  28. A1: #Climate risk has devastating impact on #poverty. Read more in last year’s #Shockwaves report:  #ClimateRM (3/3)
  29. @GFDRR indeed it is important to mitigate climate change issues to safe guard from disasters #ClimateRM
  30. A1: CC shifts disease transmission zones, lowers crop yields, threatens coastal infrastructure, increases resource conflict. #ClimateRM
  31. A1 Risks like loss of #biodiversity, #food crisis, #GHG #emissions r inextricably linked w #climatechange & r barriers to dev. #ClimateRM
  32. Rwanda's plans call for doubling tea, coffee cultivation but #climate will shift crop-growing areas  #ClimateRM
  33. FCFA analysis (1) suggests under-used potential of #climateinformation
    to make #climatesmart investment decisions #climateRM
  34. But FCFA analysis (2) recognises that #climate is just one
    development risk faced by decisionmakers  #climateRM
  35. A1: CC threatens dev objectives & human wellbeing; we need to address these risks so development interventions are effective #ClimateRM
  36. @climatelinks A1: Risks incl. water & food insecurity, health and well-being, increased poverty, inability to achieve SDGs etc. #ClimateRM
  37. Question 2: What is climate risk management?

  38. A2: Inclusion of options for reducing risks from weather extremes & slower, longer-term climate changes #ClimateRM (1/2)
  39. A2: This is necessary to better protect people, homes, livelihoods frm current/future impacts of climate variability&change #ClimateRM (2/2)
  40. A2: Using climate information to make better informed decisions to avoid potential harm.  -Shaun #ClimateRM
  41. A2: Proactive planning for possible negative climate impacts on a community, country or business. -Shaun #ClimateRM
  42. And being prepared to seize opportunities! Usually more like the earlier the planning occurs... #ClimateRM 
  43. A2: #ClimateRM means screening 4 risk to outcomes posed by climate eg flooding affecting access to communities for health services delivery
  44. A2: #ClimateRM involves assessing & addressing climate risk in new strategies, investments & programs to ensure they are climate resilient
  45. A2: #ClimateRM is about identifying climate risks & opportunities at all levels of programming & addressing those risks
  46. A2: Integrating climate change mitigation in development efforts can also address the global risk caused by climate change #ClimateRM
  47. Avoid where possible losses, damages assoc with extreme weather; make disaster resilience central to economic and social policies #climateRM
  48. CDKN Guide explores how to mainstream climate disaster risk management in key economic sectors:  #climateRM #DRR
  49. @climatelinks A2: Managing climate risk includes mainstreaming climate knowledge and plans & encouraging collaboration #ClimateRM
  50. Question 3: In practice, what does climate risk management look like? What are examples of climate risk management activities?

  51. A3: Contingency plans, livelihood diversification, disaster risk reduction, climate-smart ag, ecosystem-based adaptation. -Shaun #ClimateRM
  52. A3: One way to manage risk is by using nature to help increase human resilience... says Hannah Reid, IIED Research… 
  53. @climatelinks A2: A #ClimateRM ex could be index-based livestock insurance to help pastoralists in East Africa withstand the stresses of cc.
  54. #SDGs are global-national but achieving them depends on localised #climaterisk management: eg #India  #ClimateRM
  55. A3: Since 2012, #climateRM has been a part of @USAID ’s internal policies. Beginning this October, it will be required for all new projects.
  56. A3:Managing climate risk in dev design includes eg livestock insurance so pastoralists withstand the stresses of climate change #ClimateRM
  57. A3: Emergency centers built to withstand extremes and changes likely to come in the area as in #smallislandstates #ClimateRM (1/4)
  58. A3: We saw this in #SãoToméandPríncipe w/ managed voluntary pop. retreat as part of natl planning  #ClimateRM (2/4)
  59. A3: Solutions that combine engineering approaches with the protection provided by trees, shrubs and corals #ClimateRM (3/4)
  60. A3: Letting rivers run wild (#Netherlands) and giving land back to nature (#Sandy affected area) #ClimateRM (4/4)
  61. @climatelinks A3 Considering projected changes in climate when making development plans with host country governments is 1 ex. of #ClimateRM
  62. A3: Ensuring energy that powers development is clean & resilient to climate change  #ClimateRM
  63. A3 Eg In a warmer world with lower yields, we need to make #food system #sustainable, like changing diets & reducing #foodwaste. #ClimateRM
  64. @climatelinks A3: USAID extended support to Gov of Bangladesh for post cyclone recovery, including 100 Cyclone Shelters. #ClimateRM
  65. @climatelinks #ClimateRM majority of African nations & cities have climate change action plans but lack the capacity to implement them
  66. FCFA is convening scientists, officials to imagine future city where climate risk is well managed  #climateRM
  67. Business case exists for private firms to invest in #climateresilience for development; eg Bangladesh :  #ClimateRM
  68. @climatelinks A3: E.g. a city-wide strategy to assess risk, identify solutions/actions, mainstream & implement #ClimateRM
  69. A3:selection of resources from PreventionWeb knowledge base on early warning for climate risk management  #climateRM
  70. Question 4: What are some useful resources and tools we can utilize for climate risk management?

  71. A4 Eg #Tech is a driver in all opportunities to innovate #food system, change diets, make #farming smart & make food last longer. #ClimateRM
  72. @climatelinks eg smartphones give better weather & climate
    data for small-scale farmers, and help them connect to new customers. #climateRM
  73. Too many #climaterisk planning tools available? Find help to choose on meta-platform like  #ClimateRM
  74. A4: Consider #ecosystem based adaptation, especially if the aim is to target the poorest & most vulnerable...… 
  75. A4: @WorldBank has a one-stop-shop resource for #climatechange information, data, tools & reports →  #ClimateRM
  76. A4: Mercy Corps STRESS, Shifting Course, 100 Resilient Cities are a few more good tools #climateRM
  77. A4: @USAID offers country-specific Climate Risk Profiles to support climate risk management  #ClimateRM
  78. A4: @USAID also offers GHG factsheets to support the integration of CC mitigation into dev. activities.  #ClimateRM
  79. A4: Keep an eye out for USAID’s new Climate Risk Screening and Management Tool. We will be releasing this publicly soon. #ClimateRM
  80. A4: You can devise low emissions dev. policies & actions thru tools like Development Impacts Assessment:  #ClimateRM
  81. Question 5: What are some good practices, lessons learned and/or takeaways from applying climate risk management in development planning and activities?

  82. A5: Systems analysis to identify linkages & common pressure points for dev. & climate risk response  #ClimateRM
  83. A5: Conduct periodic assessments of how #ClimateRM is progressing in your development organization, e.g., 
  84. A5: Think beyond the scale of a single community. Everything’s connected. Don’t forget nature! -Shaun #ClimateRM
  85. A5: Be flexible in shifting goals & strategies. Use scenario planning to manage uncertainty. -Shaun #ClimateRM
  86. A5: Great question. #Climaterisk management is essential for development, ending #poverty & boosting shared prosperity #ClimateRM (1/2)
  87. A5: Poverty reduction is not possible without climate-risk-informed development #ClimateRM (2/2)
  88. @climatelinks A5: Cross-sector collaboration is key. For example, Zimbabwe’s country development strategy  #ClimateRM
  89. A5: Incorporate the voices and culture of people on the ground. Solutions must be adoptable by the people meant to use them. #climateRM
  90. A5: #EbA is often presented as a win-win for environment & development. It is not... there are winners, losers & tr… 
  91. A5: Collaboration! @USAID has been working with other international donors on #ClimateRM to learn from each other.
  92. #climateRM A4 Robust decision making and other approaches to decision making under uncertainty enable #climateriskmanagement #UMFULA
  93. @climatelinks #ClimateRM A5. Mainstream climate change action plans in urban development strategies
  94. @climatelinks A5: Managing climate risk will help ensure progress on achieving the 17 SDGs which are all inter-related #ClimateRM
  95. Questions 6: How can organizations, practitioners and others advance collaboration in this area for better results?

  96. A6: Through knowledge sharing opportunities like this one! #ClimateRM
  97. A6: Working collaboratively is essential. Involve all stakeholders. Learn perspectives, goals & values of others. -Shaun #ClimateRM
  98. A6: Find common ground. Focus on opportunities. -Shaun #ClimateRM
  99. A6: Join the Climate Services Partnership to translate better climate info into action  #ClimateRM
  100. A6: Communities of practices = great way to facilitate sharing of experiences, information & best practices #ClimateRM (1/3)
  101. A6: Also, facilitate access to funds & provide support to the most vulnerable #ClimateRM (3/3)
  102. @climatelinks A6: By sharing tools, resources, solutions, best practice & innovations, case studies and information #ClimateRM
  103. A6: Engaging with others in your sector who are working on climate change. #ClimateRM
  104. @climatelinks A6. I believe sharing of information-Open Data initiatives-can go a long way to build capacities #ClimateRM
  105. Opportunity exists to do development better, integrate climate in economic decisionmaking but more finance needed: Wesselink/CDKN #climateRM
  106. We've documented how partnerships are 100% vital to scale up #climateresilience successfully-collaborate!  #climateRM
  107. A6 We hv to cultivate not only solutions together, but also a new vision which inspires others:… 
  108. A7: See other organizations as ways to grow instead of as competitors. We are all fighting for the same thing - a better world! #ClimateRM
  109. A6 devolving decision making as far as possible to give local voices more influence in prioritising what will build resilience #climateRM
  110. Q7 working across scales - linking local voices to national and global processes #climateRM
  111. That concludes our chat! Thanks to everyone who joined for sharing in such a great conversation on #ClimateRM.
  112. Thank you for this opportunity! Thrilled to participate & inspired by contributions to the discussion. #ClimateRM (1/2)
  113. For more information about @GFDRR & our work on #climaterisk management, pls visit our website:  #ClimateRM (2/2)

Strategic Objective
Integration, Adaptation
Weather, Resilience, Partnership, Disaster Risk Management, Coastal, Climate Risk Management, Climate Change, Adaptation
Latin America & Caribbean, Global, Africa

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