Fishermen on boat
A group of artisanal fishermen in Bahía Solano, along Colombia’s Pacific coast, learned how to improve their livelihoods while mitigating overfishing through Emprende Pacífico. The initiative helped reduce conflict, as fishing communities experienced better livelihoods and fewer incentives to turn to informal work, such as drug trafficking, illegal mining, and other illicit activities that continue the cycle of violence.

Editors Pick: Conflict Tools and Resources on Climatelinks

By Isabela Barriga

Competition for natural resources such as water, land, and forests can be a source of contention, and sometimes even violence. Climate change can exacerbate these issues by impacting resource availability and quality. As climate variability increases, so will its potential to worsen conflict

Opportunities exist to address challenges at the nexus of climate change and conflict through improved governance. Building the capacity of local, regional, and national governments will allow them to take measured and timely steps to respond to climate change impacts. Improved planning and climate vulnerability assessments can provide governments the tools to address issues posed by a changing climate proactively. 

Climate change can act as a threat multiplier that aggravates non-climate stressors such as population growth, poverty, and social tensions. There is a critical need to understand and address the climate-drivers of conflict. Countries with unstable governments will be particularly at risk, as governments may become overburdened by efforts to address the stresses and shocks associated with climate change. 

A selection of recent and ongoing activities, as well as blogs, resources, and tools, can be found below.


Translating Research to Action: Global Fragility and Climate Risks  captures findings from a global USAID study on the intersection of global fragility and climate risks. This includes how the compound fragility-climate risk assessment can support policy and program planning in five key ways.

Calming Climate-Related Conflict in Karamoja highlights the importance of climate risk management in Uganda to reduce resource-related conflict and the vulnerability of governance programs to present and future climate impacts.

Threats to the Environment are Interlinked with Gender-Based Violence Across Multiple Contexts shares experiences gathered by Advancing Gender in the Environment across the world to provide environmental policymakers and practitioners with evidence of the multiple types of interlinkages between gender-based violence and environmental issues.

From Disaster Risk Reduction to Sustainable Peace: Reducing Vulnerability and Preventing Conflict at the Local Level explores how applying the goal of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction could help municipal governments reduce the risks and impacts of disasters and alleviate climate-related fragility and conflict.


Climate Change and Conflict: Findings and Lessons Learned from Five Case Studies in Seven Countries shares how climate change has an impact on several areas, including: livelihoods and economic development, resource governance and the performance of political institutions, relations among privileged and disadvantaged identity groups, and more.

USAID Conflict Toolkits for Natural Resources is a series that explores how development assistance can address key risk factors associated with conflict, including Forest and Conflict, Land and Conflict, Livelihoods and Conflict, Minerals and Conflict, and Water and Conflict.

Lessons Learned from Resilience and Peacebuilding Programs in the Horn of Africa draws on the evaluations of three USAID programs in the Horn of Africa to synthesize lessons learned, develop and test a theory of change, and offer recommendations integrating programmatic approaches that consider and address compound climate–fragility risks.

An Assessment of Mellit and Umm Keddada localities in North Darfur State, Sudan analyzes the early results and lessons learned from the pilot project and provides recommendations for future programming to improve local peacebuilding and natural resource management capacity, including how to build the resilience of communities to climate change.

Lessons Learned From PEACE III: A Mid-Cycle Portfolio Review draws on USAID’s Conflict Assessment Framework to review the project’s integration of conflict work, climate change, and natural resource management. It captures lessons learned and provides recommendations for future programming to prevent conflict.


Climate Risk Screening and Management Tools (also available in Spanish) are USAID’s tools to identify climate risks and mitigation measures includes the governance and peace and security annex, alongside other sector-specific annexes. The annex provides illustrative questions and examples designed to help users think through risks, opportunities, and climate risk management options.

Strategic Objective
Adaptation, Climate Policy, Conflict and Governance, Land Use, Resilience, Water and Sanitation

Isabela Barriga

Isabela es gerente de redes sociales y coordinadora de contenido para Climatelinks a través del proyecto SEEK de USAID. Ella ayuda con la gestión de la información, la investigación y la redacción de blogs. Anteriormente, Isabela brindó apoyo de comunicación y gestión de contenido a organizaciones intergubernamentales, asociaciones público-privadas y misiones diplomáticas, incluidas las Naciones Unidas, GAVI (actualmente, la Alianza de Vacunas) y la Embajada de Ecuador. Isabela tiene un B.S. en Salud Pública y estudios completos en Desarrollo Internacional y Gestión de Conflictos (Universidad de Maryland, College Park).

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