For the last ten years, Mr. Joshua Forgotson of ICF International has provided consulting services to the US EPA, USAID, and a variety of other clients implementing climate change mitigation projects. He has trained greenhouse gas inventory teams in several South and Southeast Asian nations on how to use the US EPA Template Workbook: Developing a National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System, and the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. He has also worked with these same teams to evaluate the transparency, accuracy, completeness, consistency, and comparability of their inventories.
Preparing National Emissions Inventories with US EPA Templates
The Bangladesh Experience
January 31, 2018
Government of Bangladesh inventory experts recently participated in USAID-organized focus group discussions to share practical knowledge and skills, including how to use the US EPA Template Workbook. Individuals from the Government of Bangladesh were informed and inspired through these technical sessions to improve future greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories.
Developing a robust greenhouse gas inventory helps countries meet, track, and report on their international commitment to reduce emissions. Many countries struggle to prepare them, often due to a lack of time, technical staff, or resources.
A recent paper in the RALI Series explores how the Government of Bangladesh used a tool developed by the US EPA, along with support from USAID, to make significant progress in developing a national greenhouse gas inventory.
The US EPA Template Workbook: Developing a National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System
The US EPA workbook offers a start-to-finish structure for preparing a national greenhouse gas inventory. This resource has proven useful to both seasoned inventory experts and new inventory teams with limited experience.
The workbook consists of a series of worksheets that walk users through six key inventory topics:
1) institutional arrangements
2) recordkeeping of GHG estimation methods and data selected
3) quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC)
4) archiving of inventory inputs and outputs
5) key category analysis
6) inventory improvement planning
Case Study: Bangladesh
Bangladesh submitted its Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 2012. It included a national greenhouse gas inventory. Bangladesh’s inventory team felt that the country’s inventory could benefit from further improvement. First, the data and calculations were not sufficiently archived. Second, many of the emission and removal estimates were based on proxy data as opposed to actual activity data, particularly for the agriculture and land use/land use change and forestry sectors. Third, country-specific emission factors were not used.
To address these concerns, the Government of Bangladesh assembled a team of personnel from national agencies to work with USAID on inventory development. They turned to the US EPA workbook for help. Over the course of several focus group discussions, key inventory team members learned the core concepts elaborated within the US EPA workbook, and thus acquired practical knowledge and skills that would help them prepare the inventory for Bangladesh’s Third National Communication and subsequent reports.
Following these focus group discussions, the Government of Bangladesh created a clear organizational chart and statement of work for all sectors, outlined the tasks and responsibilities of each project management unit, and developed a quality assurance and quality control plan for its next inventory.
To learn more about the US EPA template workbook and the experience of Bangladesh, read the full paper here.