Quantifying Benefits of Clean Energy Scenarios in Bangladesh: Jobs Generated, Lives Saved and Emissions Reductions
But recent analyses conducted for Bangladesh suggest otherwise: expanding capacity of Bangladesh’s electricity sector can be achieved cost effectively by relying on clean energy solutions (renewable energy and energy efficiency). These solutions reduce emissions, increase jobs and improve human health through reduced air pollution.
Based on detailed modeling, the cumulative benefits of gradually increasing clean energy in Bangladesh’s power generation mix relative to business-as-usual could, by 2030:
- Reduce GHG emissions from the power sector by up to 20%
- Generate domestic employment of up to 55,000 full-time equivalent jobs
- Save up to 27,000 lives and over US$5 billion
The RALI Project, in partnership with the LEDS Global Partnership, in a case study, summarized the results of modeling to quantify the potential job impacts associated with two different clean energy scenarios, along with the health benefits derived from cleaner air.
Taken together, these benefits to people and the economy demonstrate that clean energy alternatives exist for developing countries, that have are more cost-effective than continued reliance on conventional electricity sources, and that should be considered when making long-term planning decisions about energy generation.
These types of positive benefits from clean energy are also likely to be achieved in other countries that currently have significant power generation from carbon-based fuels such as coal and petroleum. The case study further demonstrates that impacts on human health and employment from clean energy policies can be quantified with fairly limited country-specific data by leveraging existing research and data sources.
Specifically, human health impacts can be estimated without the need for detailed, country-specific emission monitoring, emission modeling, or detailed historical data—as long as there is some knowledge of the type of fuels being used and of the characteristics of the fuel, most importantly sulfur content.
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Dr. Bansari Saha is a senior economist at ICF supporting public and private sector clients understand the economic effects of public policy decision-making. His expertise lies in the intersection of energy and environmental issues and studying the economic and distributional impacts of policies that attempt to find an optimal balance between the two. Dr. Saha has worked extensively on international economic development issues, particularly for developing countries in South Asia. He supports both U.S. and global clients understand the benefits of clean energy based economic development. He is also an expert on market-based energy policies and has been studying the analytical underpinnings of societal costs and benefits of such policies and the distributional and competitiveness impacts on affected sectors. Dr. Saha holds a Ph.D. in Economics and lives in Boston, Massachusetts.