Using the CLEER Tool to Estimate GHG Impacts of USAID PFAN-Asia

By Kevin Kurkul, JOHN VENEZIA

USAID’s Global Climate Change Office and its Resources to Advance LEDS Implementation (RALI) Project worked with the Private Finance Advisory Network for Asia Program (PFAN-Asia) to estimate actual and potential greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions from 38 existing and planned projects using the online Clean Energy Emission Reduction (CLEER) Tool. As a result of nine interventions that are currently operational, PFAN-Asia reduced emissions by more than 300,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) in 2016. GHG reductions from these 38 existing and planned projects are projected to exceed 15 million tCO2e cumulatively through 2030 (learn more about USAID’s efforts to capture climate benefits beyond the life of a project).

About USAID PFAN-Asia 

USAID PFAN-Asia is a regional program that assists businesses, governments, and others in Asia’s developing countries to mobilize and scale up investments in clean energy. The program is working to allocate at least $700 million in funds directly or indirectly for clean energy investments that will avoid or reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase access to more sustainable clean electricity. To date, USAID PFAN-Asia has assisted 38 companies to mobilize clean energy financing worth a total of $500 million. The program is also helping create self-sustaining, long-term access to regional clean energy financing.

About the CLEER Tool 

The CLEER Tool helps operating units and implementers estimate the impacts of clean energy activities on emissions, and report on two USAID GCC indicators:
  • EG.12-6 - the quantity of GHG emissions, estimated in metric tons of CO2 equivalent, reduced, sequestered, or avoided through clean energy activities supported by USG assistance, and 
  • EG.12-7 - the projected GHG emissions reduced or avoided through 2030 from adopted laws, policies, regulations, or technologies related to clean energy as supported by USG assistance. 
The tool allows users to collaborate on calculations, review data and assumptions, and aggregate GHG estimates.

CLEER Tool GHG Estimates

To estimate GHGs reduced or avoided across this diverse project portfolio, USAID PFAN-Asia made use of the following technology modules in the CLEER tool:
  • Appliance and Equipment Efficiency
  • Biomass Energy
  • Building Energy Efficiency
  • Fuel Switching
  • General Energy Efficiency
  • General Renewable Electricity
  • Hydroelectric System
  • Wind Turbine System
  • Solar Photovoltaic System
USAID PFAN-Asia used the CLEER Tool to estimate the GHGs reduced or avoided in 2016, as well as estimate the projected GHG impacts from all projects through the year 2030. In 2016, 14 of the 38 projects were operational and in total reduced more than 300,000 tCO2e. Through the year 2030, these 38 projects are projected to reduce emissions by more than 15 million tCO2e.
Additional resources:
  • The CLEER Tool website includes all CLEER materials, including the online tool, user guides, and (if needed) Excel-based calculators.
  • The CLEER Tool Training Webinar video guides new users through use of the tool.
  • The CLEER Protocol includes all technology-specific methodologies for estimating GHG impacts.
  • The CLEER Fact Sheet provides background on the CLEER tool and resources.
Any feedback or questions on the CLEER Tool can be sent to [email protected].
 
Strategic Objective
Mitigation
Topics
Monitoring and Evaluation, Mitigation, Low Emission Development, Indicators, Emissions, Climate Policy, Clean Energy
Region
Asia

Kevin Kurkul

Kevin Kurkul is an Associate at ICF, a global professional services firm that delivers consulting services and technology solutions in energy, climate change, and other areas. Kevin leads outreach and training for the Clean Energy Emission Reduction (CLEER) Tool, which enables users to estimate, track, and report GHG reductions from clean energy. Kevin also works on developing new methodologies to estimate GHG reductions from clean energy, and on developing GHG inventories and reporting guidelines.

JOHN VENEZIA

John Venezia is a Principal at ICF, a global professional services firm that delivers consulting services and technology solutions in energy, climate change, and other areas. John manages the development of the Clean Energy Emission Reduction (CLEER) Tool, which enables users to estimate, track, and report GHG reductions from clean energy. He has 18 years of experience in greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory development, designing GHG estimation and reporting guidelines, and analyzing the costs and reduction potential of GHG mitigation strategies. He is an internationally recognized expert in energy GHG emissions and in national GHG emission inventories, and serves on the UNFCCC's Roster of Experts.

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