Energy use accounts for around two-thirds of greenhouse gas emissions. Global demand for energy is expected to increase by 37 percent by 2040, with nearly all the growth coming from developing countries. Energy security and access are paramount to development and low emissions development strategies are vital to mitigating global climate change. Scaling up renewable energy and increasing energy efficiency offer win-win solutions that support clean, climate-resilient economic growth.
USAID partners with countries to establish the foundations for low emission energy systems, focusing on enabling environments that attract and sustain private investment. Private investment in clean technologies such as such as wind, solar, geothermal and small-scale hydropower is helping to scale up their deployment. Technical assistance from USAID helps countries plan for and design efficient ways of integrating variable renewable energy into national energy systems. In urban areas, increased energy efficiency is being facilitated through “green” building technology and smart grids. USAID is also partnering with governments to measure and monitor carbon emissions across all economic sectors.
USAID helps increase cities' capacity to finance and build public infrastructure and services, engaging diverse local, national, public and private stakeholders. Programs address incentives for and challenges to mobilizing finance, and improve urban services for climate-resilient, low-emission and sustainable economic development.
USAID partners with Mexico on designing, building capacity, and implementing a national low-carbon development strategy (MLED) and state-level action plans to address climate change. The program is helping to remove investment barriers for clean energy to support its integration into the country’s power grid. It is also helping Mexico cut its greenhouse gas emissions in the forestry and agriculture sectors.
The U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) supports clean technologies, low-carbon growth, energy access, and energy security in India, using policy, regulatory, institutional, financial, and market-based approaches. PACE has mobilized about $2.4 billion in public and private funds for solar and other clean energy development. The program also includes a $125 million joint research and development center.
The Greening the Grid toolkit provides guidance to developing countries in defining and implementing grid-integration road maps, a necessary step for the efficient, large-scale delivery of renewable energy sources to power grids. The global toolkit supports countries in meeting ambitious renewable energy targets on which low emissions development depends. India and the Philippines are receiving tailored technical assistance and this assistance is being expanded to include more countries.
Power Africa is working with governments, the private sector and other partners to supply countries in sub-Saharan Africa with more than 30,000 megawatts (MW) of cleaner, more efficient energy. This is part of a broader aim to connect 60 million homes and businesses to electricity supplied to electricity. With a $7 billion U.S. investment, it is leveraging more than $18 billion in private financing.
Energy Efficiency Training and Field Support Toolkit
The Energy Efficiency Training and Field Support Toolkit explains energy efficiency as a low-cost strategy to help a country achieve its development objectives, including energy security, affordable and reliable energy access, economic growth and low-emission development. The Toolkit introduces key concepts and benefits, along with guidance and case studies on designing and implementing energy efficiency programs.