Production and consumption of energy is the single largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. But the risks associated with climate change are not just related to emissions from energy consumption. Global climate change also has the ability to affect the sustainability and operations of national and regional energy sectors.
Extreme weather events, sea level rise, changes in demand resulting from increases in temperature, and changes in water availability due to drought and other factors can have dramatic impacts on energy security, affordability, and reliability. Therefore, there are major costs to continuing business as usual.
The increased deployment of renewable energy sources and advances in energy efficiency present huge opportunities for building reliable energy sectors, furthering environmental sustainability, and supporting developing country partners on their journey to self-reliance.
Increasing renewable energy generation from sources such as wind and solar is essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. And in many cases, it is also the most economic choice. Recent advances in these technologies are reducing costs and increasingly making wind and solar viable alternatives to traditional fossil fuels.
At the same time, increasing energy efficiency also offsets the need to seek, extract, and consume new resources. Technological advancements in building components, lighting, and cooling, and the development of new deployment strategies, such as occupancy sensors, are creating new efficiencies and reducing overall energy demand.


Climate Smart Cities

USAID helps increase cities' capacity to finance and build public infrastructure and services, engaging diverse local, national, public and private stakeholders. Programs address incentives for and challenges to mobilizing finance, and improve urban services for climate-resilient, low-emission and sustainable economic development.

Mexico Low Emissions Development

USAID partners with Mexico on designing, building capacity, and implementing a national low-carbon development strategy (MLED) and state-level action plans to address climate change. The program is helping to remove investment barriers for clean energy to support its integration into the country’s power grid. It is also helping Mexico cut its greenhouse gas emissions in the forestry and agriculture sectors.

U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy

The U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) supports clean technologies, low-carbon growth, energy access, and energy security in India, using policy, regulatory, institutional, financial, and market-based approaches. PACE has mobilized about $2.4 billion in public and private funds for solar and other clean energy development. The program also includes a $125 million joint research and development center.

Greening the Grid

The Greening the Grid toolkit provides guidance to developing countries in defining and implementing grid-integration road maps, a necessary step for the efficient, large-scale delivery of renewable energy sources to power grids. The global toolkit supports countries in meeting ambitious renewable energy targets on which low emissions development depends. India and the Philippines are receiving tailored technical assistance and this assistance is being expanded to include more countries.

Power Africa

Power Africa is working with governments, the private sector and other partners to supply countries in sub-Saharan Africa with more than 30,000 megawatts (MW) of cleaner, more efficient energy. This is part of a broader aim to connect 60 million homes and businesses to electricity supplied to electricity. With a $7 billion U.S. investment, it is leveraging more than $18 billion in private financing.

Energy Efficiency Training and Field Support Toolkit

The Energy Efficiency Training and Field Support Toolkit explains energy efficiency as a low-cost strategy to help a country achieve its development objectives, including energy security, affordable and reliable energy access, economic growth and low-emission development. The Toolkit introduces key concepts and benefits, along with guidance and case studies on designing and implementing energy efficiency programs.

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