Energy use accounts for around two-thirds of greenhouse gas emissions. Global demand for energy is expected to increase by 37 percent by 2040, with nearly all the growth coming from developing countries. Energy security and access are paramount to development and low emissions development strategies are vital to mitigating global climate change. Scaling up renewable energy and increasing energy efficiency offer win-win solutions that support clean, climate-resilient economic growth.
USAID partners with countries to establish the foundations for low emission energy systems, focusing on enabling environments that attract and sustain private investment. Private investment in clean technologies such as such as wind, solar, geothermal and small-scale hydropower is helping to scale up their deployment. Technical assistance from USAID helps countries plan for and design efficient ways of integrating variable renewable energy into national energy systems. In urban areas, increased energy efficiency is being facilitated through “green” building technology and smart grids. USAID is also partnering with governments to measure and monitor carbon emissions across all economic sectors.