Implementing and adaptively managing the activity is the fourth and last phase of climate risk management for activities, after incorporating results of the activity-level climate risk assessment.
Climate risk management (CRM) should be incorporated as appropriate into implementation and monitoring, evaluation and learning to ensure climate risks are addressed and adaptively managed. This phase involves the following three steps:
- Incorporate in Work Plans
- Incorporate in Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Processes
- Periodically Assess and Adjust
CRM Resources for Implementing and Adaptively Managing Activities
A. Incorporate in Work Plans
If climate risks are being addressed, the measures will be reflected in annual work plans. The work plan may include proposed activities that consider climate risk as well as any standalone CRM measures. Likewise, the work plan should specify personnel and budget needed to manage identified climate risks and potential new risks that may emerge during implementation. Partners should also detail in their annual and quarterly reports any impacts of climate risks on implementation and the effectiveness of CRM measures.
B. Incorporate in Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Processes
Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) processes (e.g., MEL Plan and Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plan) incorporate CRM as appropriate to ensure climate risks are adaptively managed and that learning is captured and shared. Performance monitoring can reveal if implementation is on track and expected results, including management of climate risks, are being achieved. Context indicators can help USAID and partners understand how the climate may be impacting results and can be used to inform adjustments to the climate risk management approach. Evaluations can help determine the effectiveness of CRM measures and if/how they contributed to activity outcomes. The learning section provides important opportunities to reflect on knowledge gaps related to climate risk management and how those can be filled through monitoring, evaluation or by other means (e.g., research).
C. Periodically Assess and Adjust
Climate risk management is an iterative process and, as such, USAID and partners should plan to take stock of how CRM is going during implementation and make adjustments as needed, or manage adaptively. Monitoring, evaluation and learning are critical inputs to this and the MEL plan can include designated times for pausing, reflecting on learning to date, and pivoting or adjusting the approach to managing climate risks as needed. These “pauses” can also be a time to reflect on whether climate risks that were accepted during the assessment should instead be addressed, and vice versa, and whether new or additional climate risks may have manifested during implementation. USAID and partners may want to re-apply USAID’s Climate Risk Screening and Management Tool at an activity’s midpoint to help determine how to adjust their approach to managing climate risks.