The first phase of climate risk management entails planning for an assessment of climate risks and opportunities. Planning involves two major steps:
- Review Previously Completed Screening(s)
- Determine Assessment Approach
At USAID, project design entails defining how to achieve results to ensure that efforts are complementary and aligned in support of a strategy. Each project design typically incorporates multiple activities organized around, and implemented to achieve, a common purpose.
Climate risk management at the project level involves a careful examination of climate risks that can be addressed through project design as well as climate risks that may be possible to address during activity design and implementation. CRM at this stage also elucidates and informs further analyses that may be needed later in the program cycle to manage climate risks.
Although USAID policy allows flexibility in application of CRM, the process generally comprises four phases (with several steps within each phase):
The graphic and eLearning tool aim to help USAID staff and partners think about how these phases and steps are integrated into project planning and implementation. The order of the steps within phases is flexible and may be tailored to each mission’s or operating unit’s situation.
Climate expertise is not necessarily required for CRM. The most important thing is that those responsible for project design and implementation participate in CRM. In the explanations below and the eLearning tool, we refer to these people as the “design team.”