Implementing and adaptively managing the project is the fourth and last phase of climate risk management for projects, after incorporating results of the project-level climate risk assessment.
Climate risk management should be incorporated as appropriate into implementation and monitoring, evaluation and learning to ensure climate risks are addressed and adaptively managed. This phase involves the following three steps:
- Incorporate in Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Processes
- Incorporate in Activities
- Periodically Assess and Adjust
CRM Resources for Implementing and Adaptively Managing Projects
A. Incorporate in Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Processes
The main purpose of incorporating CRM into Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) processes (e.g., Project MEL Plan and Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring Plan, or EMMP) is to ensure climate risks are adaptively managed and to capture and share learning. Performance monitoring can reveal if implementation is on track and expected results, including management of climate risks, are being achieved. Context indicators can help USAID and partners understand how climate may be impacting results and can be used to inform adjustments to the CRM approach. Evaluations can help determine the effectiveness of CRM measures and if/how they contributed to activity outcomes. Learning provides an important opportunity to reflect on knowledge gaps related to climate risk management and how those can be filled through monitoring, evaluation or by other means (e.g., research).
B. Incorporate in Activities
To be part of implementation, CRM needs to be incorporated into the activities that flow from a project’s design. Climate Risk Management at the Activity Level provides more detail on how to do this. Design teams should integrate the CRM measures and next steps identified during the climate risk assessment and project design into design of the activities, as appropriate. This process should be straightforward if the climate risk assessment, climate risk measures, MEL approach, and other next steps are well documented in the project appraisal document (PAD), including in the Project Management and Implementation Plan and Project Financial Plan. If the PAD indicates a need for additional analyses to address climate risks, or if the team learns new information about potential climate risks as activities become more defined, an activity level assessment will be necessary.
C. Periodically Assess and Adjust
Climate risk management is an iterative process and USAID should take stock of how CRM is going during implementation and make adjustments as needed. Monitoring, evaluation and learning are critical inputs to this and the MEL plan can include designated times for pausing, reflecting on learning to date, and pivoting or adjusting the approach to managing climate risks as needed. These “pauses” can also be a time to reflect on whether climate risks that were accepted during the assessment should instead be addressed and whether new or additional climate risks may have manifested during implementation. USAID may want to re-apply the Climate Risk Screening and Management Tool at midpoint to help determine how to adjust its approach to managing climate risks.