A hillside village in Albania sits next to a riverside, with a rocky hill looming over it in the background.

Albania

At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Albania’s mostly mountainous landscape is home to abundant water resources, rich biodiversity, and an extensive coastline. The country's agriculture sector, which is predominantly subsistence-level farming, has driven deforestation and erosion, exacerbating flood and landslide risks. Most of the population lives within the coastal zone, which not only alters coastal ecosystems, but exposes communities and infrastructure to storms, flooding and eventual sea level rise. Albania is vulnerable to fluctuations in precipitation, with negative implications for the country's hydropower supply. Extreme weather events, air quality, and communicable diseases are priority human health risks under a changing climate. The energy sector dominates Albania's greenhouse gas emissions, largely driven by transportation, manufacturing, and construction.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Temperature

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Key Climate Impact Areas

Agriculture

Coastal Zones

Ecosystems

Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context


USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)

Total

$5 Million

Clean Energy

$5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability

Medium

Population (2023)

3.1 Million

GHG Emissions Growth

0.71%

% Forested Area

28.1%

Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Albania Photo Gallery

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Albania

(GHG) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Albania

Stories from the Area