At a Glance
The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.
Albania’s mostly mountainous landscape is home to abundant water resources, rich biodiversity, and an extensive coastline. The country's agriculture sector, which is predominantly subsistence-level farming, has driven deforestation and erosion, exacerbating flood and landslide risks. Most of the population lives within the coastal zone, which not only alters coastal ecosystems, but exposes communities and infrastructure to storms, flooding and eventual sea level rise. Albania is vulnerable to fluctuations in precipitation, with negative implications for the country's hydropower supply. Extreme weather events, air quality, and communicable diseases are priority human health risks under a changing climate. The energy sector dominates Albania's greenhouse gas emissions, largely driven by transportation, manufacturing, and construction.
Climate Projections and Impacts
Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.