A hillside village in Albania sits next to a riverside, with a rocky hill looming over it in the background.

Albania

At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Albania’s mostly mountainous landscape is home to abundant water resources, rich biodiversity, and an extensive coastline. The country's agriculture sector, which is predominantly subsistence-level farming, has driven deforestation and erosion, exacerbating flood and landslide risks. Most of the population lives within the coastal zone, which not only alters coastal ecosystems, but exposes communities and infrastructure to storms, flooding and eventual sea level rise. Albania is vulnerable to fluctuations in precipitation, with negative implications for the country's hydropower supply. Extreme weather events, air quality, and communicable diseases are priority human health risks under a changing climate. The energy sector dominates Albania's greenhouse gas emissions, largely driven by transportation, manufacturing, and construction.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

    Climate Projections

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    Increased Temperature

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    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

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    Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

    Key Climate Impact Areas

    Agriculture

    Coastal Zones

    Ecosystems

    Energy & Infrastructure

    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators


    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)

    Total

    $5 Million

    Clean Energy

    $5 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability

    Medium

    Population (2020)

    3.1 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth

    0.71%

    % Forested Area

    28.1%

    Albania Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area