An ancient church sits next to a body of water with a colorful field of flowers in the foreground.


At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Armenia is a small landlocked country with a history of significant land degradation and active desertification processes. Frequent landslides, mudflows, and other natural hazards in areas with heavy rainfall threaten vital infrastructure and buildings. Higher temperatures will reduce the country's snow cover, reducing runoff and further limiting water supply. This has implications for Armenia's agriculture sector, which supports the country's rural livelihoods and key cereal crops. Rising temperatures will also negatively impact Armenia's unique ecosystems and biodiversity, as well as introduce and exacerbate threats to human health such as malaria and heat stress. Armenia's greenhouse gas emissions are dominated by fuel combustion, transportation, and electricity in the energy sector.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Changes to Season Duration/ Seasonal Precipitation

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts




Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)



Clean Energy


GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

3.0 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Armenia

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Armenia

Stories from the Area

Armenia’s Ararat Valley, a 1,177 square-kilometer swath of land located to the east of Mount Ararat, is home to critical artesian aquifers and central to the country’s economic stability. The aquifers are a frequently tapped resource for public services, agriculture, and fish farming, as well as cooling of Armenia’s nuclear power plant.
Collage of water resource-related images in Armenia