Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus


At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Despite being a small country, Azerbaijan's diverse topography makes it home to nine of the world's 11 climate zones. This creates a range of environmental challenges for the country that will be exacerbated by climate change such as unpredictable rainfall, natural disasters, and water deficits. Azerbaijan's rapid economic development also generates threats to human health that will intensify with climate change including air pollution, forest loss, and water contamination from industrial plants. Azerbaijan's Caspian Sea, the world's largest landlocked waterbody, is already rising, negatively impacting the country's major urban centers and industrial resources located along the coast. Together, these factors threaten sectors like agriculture and tourism that will be key to diversifying the economy. More than half of Azerbaijan's greenhouse gas emissions are driven by the energy sector.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Severity of Natural Disasters

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts


Coastal Resources

Human Health


Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


$5 Million

Clean Energy

$5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

10.4 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Azerbaijan

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Azerbaijan

Stories from the Area