Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus


At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Belarus has a relatively uniform climate with abundant water resources and forests. Temperatures and weather have begun to diverge from historical patterns, straining the country's built and natural environment systems. Rising temperatures will likely change forest composition and ecosystem functions, as well as increase energy demand as cooling needs rise. Extreme rain and flooding events may deteriorate water quality, particularly as runoff may alter the distribution of radionuclides left over from the 1986 Chernobyl accident. These factors increase risks to human health, particularly for those already living with chronic diseases. Changing climate conditions may create both beneficial and harmful impacts for Belarus' agriculture sector, with potential for longer growing seasons but limited crop productivity. Belarus' greenhouse gas emissions are dominated by the energy sector, with a notable net carbon sink in the land use change and forestry sector.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas




Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


$5 Million

Clean Energy

$5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

9.4 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Belarus

(GHG) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Belarus

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Belarus

Stories from the Area