Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus

Bosnia and Herzegovina

At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Climate change risks in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) are heightened by high unemployment among a generally vulnerable population, damaged infrastructure, and lags in technical innovation. Despite abundant water resources, the country is facing water use and availability challenges that will likely worsen with warming temperatures and increased risks of drought and extreme precipitation. The agriculture sector is also vulnerable to these stressors. BiH's rich biodiversity faces habitat shifts and loss, as well as increased risk from forest fires and pathogens. BiH's largest climate vulnerabilities are in energy and infrastructure, which require significant modernization informed by the country's climate risks. Greenhouse gas emissions in the country are dominated by electricity and heat production.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas

Agriculture

Ecosystems

Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

3.8 Million

GAIN Vulnerability

Medium

GHG Emissions Growth

0.08%

% Forested Area

42.7%

Funding & Key indicators


USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)

Total

$1,740,000

Clean Energy

$1,740,000

Investment Mobilized for Clean Energy (USD) (2022)

$134,550,000

Projected GHG Emission Reduced or Avoided from Clean Energy Through 2030 from Adopted Laws, Policies, Regulations or Technologies (tCO2e) (2022)

10,373,493

Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Bosnia and Herzegovina

(GHG) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Bosnia & Herzegovina

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Bosnia and Herzegovina

GHG Emissions Fact Sheet: Bosnia & Herzegovina
(GHG) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Bosnia & Herzegovina

Stories from the Area