Lake with surrounding forest


At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Brazil is home to the Amazon Basin and biodiverse ecosystems that provide essential services for many people both regionally and globally. The impacts of climate change in the Basin vary significantly and are vast; higher temperatures may change the range and distribution of temperature sensitive species, increased severity of drought can greatly affect the Amazon’s freshwater ecosystems and the people who rely on them, change in rainfall and temperature could impact the spread of disease, and sea level rise and storm surge will have substantial impacts on lowland areas of the Amazon delta. Climate variability and change also threaten agriculture in Brazil. The largest percentage of greenhouse gas emissions come from the energy sector, followed by agriculture, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information. 

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency
Drought icon

Increased Length of Dry Period

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Human Health


Funding & Country Climate Context

Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

USAID Climate Change Funding (2022)


$5 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

218.7 million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Brazil

Brazil Photo Gallery


The AREP News (May 2023) - Spanish Edition

Stories from the Area

The most visited resources in 2023 cover a range of topics including climate risk management, climate finance, and indicators for climate change and development.
A girl standing in front of a whiteboard
O projeto da USAID de Capacitação de Organizações Indígenas na Amazônia (SCIOA) reuniu as três organizações indígenas da Amazônia brasileira que receberam apoio nos últimos quatro anos para celebrar o final do projeto em março de 2023.
Jovens participam de atividade de troca de conhecimentos agrícolas e geracionais em Roraima, Brasil
At an end-of-project event in March 2023, USAID’s Strengthening the Capacity of Indigenous Organizations in the Amazon (SCIOA) activity brought together the three Indigenous organizations it has been supporting in the Brazilian Amazon over the past four years.
The SCIOA Group stands for a photo on a beach.