Lake with surrounding forest


At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Brazil is home to the Amazon Basin and biodiverse ecosystems that provide essential services for many people both regionally and globally. The impacts of climate change in the Basin vary significantly and are vast; higher temperatures may change the range and distribution of temperature sensitive species, increased severity of drought can greatly affect the Amazon’s freshwater ecosystems and the people who rely on them, change in rainfall and temperature could impact the spread of disease, and sea level rise and storm surge will have substantial impacts on lowland areas of the Amazon delta. Climate variability and change also threaten agriculture in Brazil. The largest percentage of greenhouse gas emissions come from the energy sector, followed by agriculture, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information. 

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency
Drought icon

Increased Length of Dry Period

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Human Health


Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

218.7 million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$4 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$4 Million

Hectares Under Improved Management Expected to Reduce GHG Emissions (2022)


Reduced or Sequestered GHG Emissions through Sustainable Landscapes Activities (metric tons) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Brazil

Brazil Photo Gallery


The AREP News (May 2023) - Spanish Edition

Stories from the Area

USAID supports youth-led climate action across sectors through its diverse portfolio of global programs.  
Boy Collecting Plastic Waste: Maldives, March 2023
Como a USAID ajuda empresas locais a florescer enquanto restaura a floresta amazônica.
Man standing in forest looking at vinagreira plant
The Amazon rainforest is home to thousands of unique species, serves as a critical carbon sink, and regulates rainfall and weather patterns across South America and beyond.
Man standing in forest looking at vinagreira plant