Livestock on the way to market A man looks after cattle. Near Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia.


Livestock on the way to market near Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia.

At a Glance

This profile provides an overview of climate risks in East Africa, including how climate variability and change likely will impact the region’s crop production, livestock, water resources, human health, infrastructure and energy, and ecosystems. The brief also includes an overview of historical and future climate trends in the region, the policy context outlining existing climate risk strategies and plans, and a list of ongoing programs that focus on building resilience to climate variability and change.

Climate variability and change pose major obstacles to resilience in East Africa. While the region is characterized by rapid urbanization, more than 70 percent of the population still live in rural areas that rely heavily on climate-sensitive rainfed agriculture. Regional climate impacts coupled with rapid urbanization, high rates of poverty, and declining agricultural productivity are expected to threaten food security and livelihoods, strain water resources, expand the geographic range of diseases, and lead to land degradation and infrastructure damage.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas

Crop Production



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

USAID Climate Change Funding (2022)



Population (2023)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.


Climate Risk Profile: East Africa Regional

GHG Emissions Fact Sheet: East Africa

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: East Africa

Climate Change Adaptation in East Africa Fact Sheet Thumbnail

Climate Change Adaptation in East Africa Fact Sheet

Stories from the Area

USAID established the Africa Trade and Investment (ATI) Program to mobilize enterprise-driven solutions that increase trade and investment and contribute to job creation in Africa.  USAID/Kenya East Africa is currently inviting concepts covering specific priority sectors identified below engaging one or more countries in the region including Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.