Hurricane Maria, a Category 5 storm, made landfall on the island of Dominica on September 18, 2017, causing widespread devastation.


At a Glance

The Eastern and Southern Caribbean Regional Program serves Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, and Suriname.

The geography of the Caribbean makes it vulnerable to Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms, whose intensity is projected to increase with climate change. Small island communities are also susceptible to salt intrusion into freshwater sources making the region highly vulnerable to rising sea level.  USAID’s work in the region aims to raise stakeholder awareness of climate change and facilitate the consideration of climate change in national development planning, the transition to renewable energy, and community preparedness to strengthen the long-term viability of the small island nations in the region.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Rising Sea Levels and Increased Incidence of Storm Surge

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Coastal Resources

Human Health

Livelihoods & Tourism

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


$3 Million


$3 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Dominica Photo Gallery


Quick Planning Guide on Preparedness, Response and Recovery

ESC Climate Risk Profile_Cover
Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Eastern and Southern Caribbean

ESC Climate Symposium Synthesis Report Cover Image
Technical Report

USAID Eastern and Southern Caribbean Regional Climate Symposium: Synthesis Report

Stories from the Area

USAID investments in reducing the risks and impacts of climate change—through increasing community resilience, building regional climate science capacity, or providing meteorological equipment—are vital for the countries of the Eastern and Southern Caribbean (ESC).
USAID’s partner, the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, approached Maya Island Air and eventually created a public private partnership to benefit people living throughout the Caribbean.
Countries in the Eastern and Southern Caribbean have always been vulnerable to natural hazards, but climate change trends project that disasters—hurricanes, tropical storms, flash floods, drought, and extreme heat—are becoming more frequent, intense, costly, and time-consuming to recover from.
Hurricane Maria devastated parts of the Eastern and Southern Caribbean, including Dominica shown here, in September 2017. The Category 5 hurricane was the deadliest Atlantic hurricane since Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
Two examples of infrastructure development demonstrate how investment in planning and engineering design, that is considerate of future climate conditions, can result in more resilient infrastructure outcomes.