A farmer looks at his field in Ecuador.


At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

The Amazon region of South America hosts globally significant rain forests and is bordered to the west by the Andes mountains, whose glacial and rain-fed rivers supply the Amazon basin with water and hydropower. However, the region is at risk from rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and glacial melt. The forests of the Amazon have essential greenhouse gas sink and climate regulation functions for the world, but land use change, fire, and climate change impacts to forests have the potential to convert it to a global greenhouse gas source. USAID is working with governments, communities, the private sector, and academia to create sustainable solutions for maintaining forest landscapes in the Amazon Basin. Activities include partnering universities to strengthen scientific capacity in the Amazon, creating public-private partnerships that help smallholders preserve carbon-rich forest landscapes, and monitoring of deforestation from illegal activities in the Andean Amazon.

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$7.6 Million

Clean Energy

$4 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$3.6 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

17.5 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Ecuador Photo Gallery


The AREP News (May 2023) - Spanish Edition

Stories from the Area

The recently published Amazon Vision 2021 Report provides insight into USAID's work to conserve biodiversity and reduce the loss of carbon from the Amazon region. It unifies the Agency’s goals of combating deforestation, conserving biodiversity, creating environmentally friendly economic opportunities, improving the management of important landscapes, and supporting Indigenous rights in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Suriname.
In November 2021, USAID Administrator Samantha Power announced a new commitment to make all the Agency’s work, including its work around climate change, more inclusive and reflective of the countries in which it operates. Partnering with local organizations, particularly those that represent groups whose voices have been under-represented in the past and whose lives are directly and substantially affected by climate change, is essential USAID’s efforts around climate change.
The fourth webinar in the USAID Climate Strategy Deep Dive webinar series took place in October 2022, and focused on local partnerships and USAID’s Climate Strategy.
Private sector engagement is one of the foundational principles of the USAID Climate Strategy. In the Amazon Region of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, the Amazon Regional Environment Program is working with the private sector to help confront climate change.
A woman stands in front of in a greenhouse in Ecuador.