A farmer looks at his field in Ecuador.

Ecuador

At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

The Amazon region of South America hosts globally significant rain forests and is bordered to the west by the Andes mountains, whose glacial and rain-fed rivers supply the Amazon basin with water and hydropower. However, the region is at risk from rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and glacial melt. The forests of the Amazon have essential greenhouse gas sink and climate regulation functions for the world, but land use change, fire, and climate change impacts to forests have the potential to convert it to a global greenhouse gas source. USAID is working with governments, communities, the private sector, and academia to create sustainable solutions for maintaining forest landscapes in the Amazon Basin. Activities include partnering universities to strengthen scientific capacity in the Amazon, creating public-private partnerships that help smallholders preserve carbon-rich forest landscapes, and monitoring of deforestation from illegal activities in the Andean Amazon.

    Funding and Key Indicators


    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)

    Total

    $5.85 Million

    Clean Energy

    $1.85 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $4 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability

    Medium

    Population (2020)

    16.9 Million (2020)

    GHG Emissions Growth

    0.12%

    % Forested Area

    50.2%

    Climate Change Information

    Ecuador Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Planners at USAID and in host country governments need to choose how to invest funds to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from land. Should they focus on establishing or strengthening protected areas in the east? Restoring mangroves in the north? Improving timber harvesting practices in the south? In each country, there are many choices.
    South America may be sitting, unaware, on a pile of climate gold, ammunition in efforts to forestall global warming. New maps of tropical and subtropical peatlands suggest these carbon-rich wetlands are more widespread in South America than on any other continent, with significant deposits in the Andean mountains.