Close-up shot of a power panel with multi-colored buttons and a white sticker with the USAID logo.


At a Glance

Egypt’s inhabitants rely heavily upon the Nile and the productive agricultural sector it nurtures, leaving the country vulnerable to climate shocks and transboundary water conflict. Through its long-recorded history, Egypt’s vulnerability to climatic changes has resulted in famine and political unrest during periods of drought. Egypt’s gross domestic product increased at a faster rate than emissions, which suggests that carbon intensity of the economy had decreased over that same time period.


    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    104.1 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Egypt Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area