A child pours water from a bowl into a reservoir.

El Salvador

At a Glance

The Central America Regional Program serves Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

Climate change has emerged as a major threat to Central American communities, intensifying the destructive impacts of poor land-use practices and further stressing a region already vulnerable to drought, landslides, hurricanes, and other extreme weather events. USAID works across Central America to build the capacity of governments, people, places, and livelihoods to make better decisions and take actions to improve their resilience to climate change. USAID also promotes sustainable low-carbon growth by stimulating investment in renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate-smart land practices that reduce emissions and contribute to economic growth.


Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health


Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$1 Million


$1 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

6.6 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: El Salvador


Perfil de Riesgo Climático: El Salvador

El Salvador Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

In November 2020, two back-to-back category 4 hurricanes, Eta and Iota, struck Central America, making landfall on the coast of Nicaragua, near its border with Honduras, and also affecting El Salvador and Guatemala. Altogether, they caused an estimated one billion US dollars in damage. Despite such impacts, the region was better able to prepare for and respond to Eta and Iota using space-based technologies.
Hurricane Eta about to make landfall.
Investing in gender equality and women’s empowerment can unlock human potential on a transformational scale.
A group of men and women stand in an outdoor paviliaon next to a table set for a cooking class.
Climate change poses a significant global threat to food security and nutrition, largely through its impacts on agricultural production.
Two cupped hands hold corn kernels.