Livestock on the way to market A man looks after cattle. Near Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia.

Ethiopia

At a Glance

Over the past 10 years, Ethiopia has seen 10 percent annual gross domestic product growth. At the same time, its greenhouse gas emissions have increased over the period—growing 11 percent alone between 2008 and 2009. More than 85 percent of emissions are due to agriculture and deforestation, while the power, transport, industrial and building sectors contribute 3 percent each. Globally, Ethiopia accounts for less than 0.1 percent of emissions, yet it is already experiencing the adverse effects of climate change. Communities are suffering from greater variability and extreme weather events, increased temperature and declining rainfall in a country where 85 percent of farmers are dependent on rain-fed agriculture.
 
In response, USAID supports Ethiopia’s economy-wide Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy, which provides a blueprint to achieve middle-income status by 2030 without increasing greenhouse gas emissions relative to 2010 levels. In support of the strategy implementation, USAID is providing assistance at the policy level through the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development initiative and at the program level within the agriculture sector by improving information sharing, government and community adaptation efforts, and analytic tools for early warning and disaster risk preparedness. USAID also supports the development of Ethiopia’s vast renewable energy potential under the Power Africa initiative, with a focus on geothermal energy.

    Funding and Key Indicators


    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)

    Total

    $7.5 million

    Adaptation

    $7.5 million

    GAIN Vulnerability

    Medium

    Population (2020)

    108.1 million (2020)

    GHG Emissions Growth

    3.28%

    % Forested Area

    12.5%

    Climate Change Information

    Ethiopia Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    In 1976, Salvador Dali painted an 99 ¼ inch by 75 ½ inch oil painting he called “Gala Contemplating the Mediterranean Sea which at Twenty Meters Becomes the Portrait of Abraham Lincoln - Homage to Rothko (Second Version)” (Figure 1). When viewed up close, we see the nuanced details of the artist’s work and are likely distracted by the dominant figure that is so clearly in focus.
    In Ethiopian cuisine, onion rules. Stews, sauces, and salads all rely on onions as a star ingredient, and market stalls are stacked high with fragrant bulbs. Across the country, onions contribute significantly to food security, adding taste and nutrients to diets otherwise mainly made up of cereals. Despite their popularity, onion crops yield much less in Ethiopia than in other African countries. Farmers here, like elsewhere, use irrigation to cultivate onions. In fact, farmers prefer to irrigate onion more than other crops, thanks to the high demand and high prices for onions. But yields remain low.
    In arid regions with already unreliable water and sanitation services, climate change is a threat multiplier for those who rely on functional infrastructure for basic water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs.