At a Glance
Haiti is the most vulnerable country in Latin America and the Caribbean to climate change. Haiti shares the Caribbean Island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Factors heightening its vulnerability include topography, land-use practices, low per capita income, high population density, and limited infrastructure and services. More than half of the country’s population lives in dense coastal cities, nearby floodplains, and in areas with steep slopes susceptible to landslides. Widespread deforestation and unmaintained drainage infrastructure increase Haiti’s vulnerability to hurricanes, storm surges, and flooding, while increasing temperatures during dry months, strengthening tropical storms, and unpredictable rainfall patterns will likely worsen climate impacts on already sensitive sectors. The agriculture sector is responsible for nearly half of greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the energy, waste, industrial processes, and land-use change and forestry sectors.
Climate Projections and Impacts
Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.
Key Climate Impact Areas
Funding and Key Indicators
Refer to metadata and sources for more details.