Mountainside village in Haiti

Haiti

At a Glance

Haiti is the most vulnerable country in Latin America and the Caribbean to climate change. Haiti shares the Caribbean Island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Factors heightening its vulnerability include topography, land-use practices, low per capita income, high population density, and limited infrastructure and services. More than half of the country’s population lives in dense coastal cities, nearby floodplains, and in areas with steep slopes susceptible to landslides. Widespread deforestation and unmaintained drainage infrastructure increase Haiti’s vulnerability to hurricanes, storm surges, and flooding, while increasing temperatures during dry months, strengthening tropical storms, and unpredictable rainfall patterns will likely worsen climate impacts on already sensitive sectors. The agriculture sector is responsible for nearly half of greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the energy, waste, industrial processes, and land-use change and forestry sectors.

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.


    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)

    Total

    $12.5 Million

    Adaptation

    $5 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $7.5 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability

    Medium

    Population (2020)

    11.1 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth

    4.09%

    % Forested Area

    3.5%

    Climate Change Information

    Haiti Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    In March 2019, the Government of Haiti released an official request for proposals as part of a broader plan to support the development of minigrids. Minigrids generally involve small-scale electricity generation and can advance energy transitions in rural areas by enabling a power supply for communities lacking reliable electricity.
    “We know that Haiti is an extremely vulnerable country for the impacts of climate change,” says Jesse Leggoe, Acting Deputy Director in the Democracy, Human Rights and Governance Office, “Having Hurricane Matthew hit during our design process just re-emphasized that for everyone.”
    Two examples of infrastructure development demonstrate how investment in planning and engineering design, that is considerate of future climate conditions, can result in more resilient infrastructure outcomes.