A white and yellow fishing boat sits on a windswept beach.


At a Glance

Jamaica is a small Caribbean island with economically valuable tourism, fisheries, industry and agriculture assets. Roughly 90 percent of the country's GDP is produced within the coastal zone, making its key industries and over half of the population vulnerable to hurricanes, tropical storms, sea level rise, and land loss. Rising temperatures and intense rainfall events increase incidence of vector-borne and waterborne diseases already endemic to the country. Groundwater recharge is also inhibited by warming temperatures, increasing water stress vulnerabilities for households and the agriculture sector. Jamaica's greenhouse gas emissions are driven by the energy sector, with manufacturing, construction, and electricity and heat generation as the primary contributors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts


Coastal Ecosystems


Human Health

Water Resources

Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

2.82 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


% Renewable Electricity Generating Capacity


Small Island Developing State


Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$4 Million


$2 Million

Clean Energy

$2 Million

Investment Mobilized for Clean Energy (USD) (2022)


Clean Energy Generation Capacity that has Achieved Financial Closure (MW) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Jamaica

Jamaica Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

Did you miss the Climatelinks November newsletter? Here's a recap of the 'Road to COP28' theme.
Photo 1: Binta Harruna, the Leader of the Hasken Mata Women Empower Group in Ningi, Bauchi State, Demonstrates Healthy Food Preparation for Women in Her Group.jpg
This blog about Jamaica is part of a series of country spotlights Climatelinks is publishing ahead of COP28.
Group of children and a woman planting a tree together
POA has made significant strides in Guyana and Jamaica, providing climate-smart technical assistance to support sustainable livestock systems.
Image of a herd of cattle