Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus


At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Important drivers of Kosovo's economic growth, such as agriculture and industry, are vulnerable to water shortages, heat waves, drought, and flooding. Rising temperatures and unregulated harvesting impact the health and cover of Kosovo's extensive forests, increasing forest fire incidence. Conflict-driven destruction of infrastructure, as well as poor regulation of land use and construction increase the population's exposure to climate hazards through structural vulnerability, with additional, related health implications through inadequate sewage and high concentrations of atmospheric pollutants. While emissions data is limited, Kosovo's recorded greenhouse gas emissions are driven almost entirely by the energy sector.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)



Clean Energy


GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

1.96 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Kosovo

Kosovo Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

This blog is part of the USAID’s Climate Strategy in Action series. It expands on a winning photo from the 2023 Climatelinks Photo Contest from Kosovo.
The 2023 Climatelinks Photo Contest was a great success. We received over 250 submissions from the Climatelinks community, representing more than 40 countries. Congratulations to the winners!
Kaarinah Luvongo overlooks the turbines at the Ngong Wind Power Station in Ngong, Kenya.
Last year at the 26th UN Climate Change Conference, USAID committed to partnering with countries to reduce, avoid, or sequester at least six billion metric tons of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030. (Preventing six billion metric tons of GHG emissions is the equivalent of taking 100 million cars off roads for a decade, or roughly the amount of GHG emissions the United States emits each year). After making the commitment, USAID then codified it as one of its six ambitious goals in the Agency-wide 2022-2030 Climate Strategy. 
A female engineer installing a solar panel