Image of three men standing on a lift that is being pulled up a diagonal concrete surface above a body of water.


At a Glance

Lebanon is a highly urbanized, middle-income country whose temperate climate and collection of world heritage sites drive its thriving tourism industry. Climate change, manifested through rising sea levels and increasing temperatures, is expected to impact the densely populated coastal urban areas that host infrastructure and industry critical to the economy. With an underdeveloped agriculture sector, Lebanon imports most of its food, and rising world food prices, compounded by the effects of global climate change on agricultural yields, will increase the cost of guaranteeing food security. The economic and social impacts of the Syrian crisis compound Lebanon’s challenges, as the influx of refugees has strained Lebanon’s public finances, service delivery, and environment. Majority of Lebanon's emissions come from the energy sector, followed by the waste, agriculture, and bunker fuels sectors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas


Coastal Resources



Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2022)


$1 Million

Clean Energy

$1 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

5.3 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Lebanon

Lebanon Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

This blog is part of the USAID’s Climate Strategy in Action series. It expands on a winning photo from the 2023 Climatelinks Photo Contest from Lebanon.
Photo of woman kneeling and touching seedling next to text "Climate Strategy in Action Blog Series"
The 2023 Climatelinks Photo Contest was a great success. We received over 250 submissions from the Climatelinks community, representing more than 40 countries. Congratulations to the winners!
Kaarinah Luvongo overlooks the turbines at the Ngong Wind Power Station in Ngong, Kenya.
MENAdrought, a USAID-supported project, is turning the tide of climate change by creating more resilient communities that can stay one step ahead of the next drought.
A farmer in Morocco picks table grapes for export.