A group of people plant cactus in a large, arid field.


At a Glance

Madagascar is home to a diverse and unique range of species and ecosystems, many of them vulnerable to current and future climate patterns. The driving sectors of the country's economy also rely on climate-sensitive natural resources, including predominantly rain-fed agriculture, fisheries and livestock production. The combination of food insecurity and a high risk of cyclone renders human health, coastal ecosystems, water and other sectors especially vulnerable to climate change. Forestry and land-use change contribute more than half of overall greenhouse gas emissions.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information

    Climate Projections


    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events


    Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas



    Coastal Ecosystems

    Human Health


    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2.5 Million


    $2 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes


    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    26.96 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Madagascar Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Jean Bruno, nursery agent, and his wife work at their tree nursery in Sahambavy, Fianarantsoa, Centra Madagascar. In Madagascar, where bush fire and slash hand-burn agriculture are a common practice, reforestation is crucial. The ASOTRY project, implemented by ADRA and funded by USAID/FFP, restores forests through reforestation activities.
    In November, I took a canoe trip down a rural western Madagascar river expecting to see a lot of lemurs, but instead I saw thousands of hectares of burned-down forest. The problem extends all over Madagascar, even encroaching on national parks.