A group of people plant cactus in a large, arid field.


At a Glance

Madagascar is home to a diverse and unique range of species and ecosystems, many of them vulnerable to current and future climate patterns. The driving sectors of the country's economy also rely on climate-sensitive natural resources, including predominantly rain-fed agriculture, fisheries and livestock production. The combination of food insecurity and a high risk of cyclone renders human health, coastal ecosystems, water and other sectors especially vulnerable to climate change. Forestry and land-use change contribute more than half of overall greenhouse gas emissions.

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2.5 Million


    $2 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes


    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    26.96 million (2020)

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Madagascar Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Jean Bruno, nursery agent, and his wife work at their tree nursery in Sahambavy, Fianarantsoa, Centra Madagascar. In Madagascar, where bush fire and slash hand-burn agriculture are a common practice, reforestation is crucial. The ASOTRY project, implemented by ADRA and funded by USAID/FFP, restores forests through reforestation activities.