Climate variability and climate change are adversely affecting Malawi through increased temperatures, erratic rainfall, and drought. Malawi’s vulnerability to climate change is further exacerbated by high population growth and extensive tree and forest loss driven primarily by demand for wood fuels—especially urban Malawi’s demand for charcoal. These factors, along with persistent land and forest degradation, have also affected the country’s lake water levels, fish populations and biodiversity, putting Malawi’s primary source of animal protein, hydropower generation and tourism at risk. At the policy level, through the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emissions Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program, USAID has supported the Government of Malawi to develop its Nationally Determined Contribution to improve tracking and reporting emissions through operationalization of a national Greenhouse Gas Inventory System (GHG-IS). USAID has also supported development of the Malawi Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) Program, including completion of a National Forest Inventory, establishment of biomass and carbon stocks, calculation of local emission factors, and completion of Malawi’s initial Forest Reference Level. Furthermore, USAID works at the site level to increase the climate resilience of freshwater ecosystems, improve landscape management and promote climate smart agriculture to build resilience while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving soil fertility, enhancing energy and water security.

Climate Change Information

USAID Activities

Country Plans & Commitments

Two workers measure a medium-sized tree with a tape measure.