A male and female smile at the camera while bending to work in a large field on a sunny day.


At a Glance

Mali's landlocked geography and climate-sensitive economy render the country among the most vulnerable to climate stress. Rising temperatures and fluctuations in water availability threaten the pastoralist and agrarian livelihoods that support the majority of the population. Shocks such as political instability, flooding, and recurring drought also contribute to economic and social insecurity. Variable rainfall impacts the flood patterns of Mali's 4.2 million hectares of wetlands, with negative implications for seasonal fish migrations and soil-stabilizing vegetation growth. Mali's greenhouse gas emissions are dominated by the agriculture sector, which makes up over 75% of emissions.

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2022)


$2 Million


$2 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

21.4 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

(GHG) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Mali

Mali Photo Gallery

US-Government Global Food Security Strategy 2022-2026 cover page with a smiling woman in a vegetable stall

U.S. Government Global Food Security Strategy

USAID ATLAS Climate Risk Profile: Sahel_FR_Cover
Climate Risk Profile

Profil de Risque du Changement Climatique: Sahel Occidental

Profil de Risque Climatique: Mali
Climate Risk Profile

Profil de Risque Climatique: Mali

Stories from the Area

SERVIR, a joint program of USAID and NASA, is responding to the needs of farmers in West with new efforts focused on financial instruments and private-sector engagement.
A Malian farmer showcases her maize harvest on her way to market.
The potential for solar-powered irrigation in sub-Saharan Africa is high, as demonstrated by research conducted by ILSSI partner, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). 
On a small farm of less than five acres, the Assime family grows sorghum, rice, peppers and okra, and keeps a brood of chickens.
As the frequency and magnitude of climate-related hazards increases, these changes are affecting people’s livelihoods, particularly those of rural and vulnerable populations more than ever.