Green coffee beans and white coffee flowers are seen close-up on the stem of a plant.


At a Glance

Mexico’s complex topography and location between two oceans increase the country's exposure to extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones, frosts, heat waves, and floods. Aging transportation, power, and water infrastructure are vulnerable to damage from flooding and strong winds, especially in coastal areas. Coastal tourism, an important economic sector for Mexico, is also at risk along with destruction of diverse marine ecosystems. In rural areas, extreme temperatures and erratic rainfall drastically affect agricultural productivity, including of both crops and livestock. Energy is the largest greenhouse gas emitting sector, followed by agriculture, industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information

    Climate Projections

    Drought icon

    Increased Dry Spells

    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

    Sea Level Rise

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas


    Coastal Zones



    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $13 Million

    Clean Energy

    $2 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $11 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    128.6 million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    EC-LEDS Partner Country


    Climate Change Information

    Mexico Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Part II: Climate Finance in Action
    CEADIR’s final report contains summaries and links to seven years of assessments, analyses, tools, and training and technical assistance materials on planning, financing, and implementation of clean energy, sustainable landscapes (natural climate solutions), and climate adaptation.
    Why do many community-based forestry enterprises (CBFEs) perform poorly even after years of donor and government investment? This was one of the questions that motivated a USAID Productive Landscape (ProLand) project investigation into CBFEs as a strategy for improving land management.