Green coffee beans and white coffee flowers are seen close-up on the stem of a plant.


At a Glance

Mexico’s complex topography and location between two oceans increase the country's exposure to extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones, frosts, heat waves, and floods. Aging transportation, power, and water infrastructure are vulnerable to damage from flooding and strong winds, especially in coastal areas. Coastal tourism, an important economic sector for Mexico, is also at risk along with destruction of diverse marine ecosystems. In rural areas, extreme temperatures and erratic rainfall drastically affect agricultural productivity, including of both crops and livestock. Energy is the largest greenhouse gas emitting sector, followed by agriculture, industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Additional Information: Mexico Climate Change Country Profile & Fact Sheet on

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Dry Spells

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas


Coastal Zones



Water Resources

Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

129.8 million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Average GHG Emissions Growth due to Deforestation


EC-LEDS Partner Country


Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$14 Million

Clean Energy

$2 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$12 Million

Investment Mobilized for Sustainable Landscapes (USD) (2022)


Hectares Under Improved Management Expected to Reduce GHG Emissions (2022)


Reduced or Sequestered GHG Emissions through Sustainable Landscapes Activities (metric tons) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Mexico

Mexico Photo Gallery


Mexico Climate Change Fact Sheet

Stories from the Area

NREL identified ten climate finance levers that could be applied to USAID programs to increase the scale of investment in clean energy and energy efficiency in partner countries.
Mini-Grid Solar Project on a Remote Island in Myanmar
With more than 150 blogs published in 2023 alone, it is easy for some to fly under the radar. Here are some blogs you may have missed.
A Liberian female small business owner standing in front of solar panels
Deforestation threatens biodiversity and has negative health and economic impacts on communities. Nearly half of Mexico is covered by forests, which host 10 percent of the world’s biodiversity. Making Mexico a critical net carbon sink for the world.