Green coffee beans and white coffee flowers are seen close-up on the stem of a plant.


At a Glance

Mexico’s complex topography and location between two oceans increase the country's exposure to extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones, frosts, heat waves, and floods. Aging transportation, power, and water infrastructure are vulnerable to damage from flooding and strong winds, especially in coastal areas. Coastal tourism, an important economic sector for Mexico, is also at risk along with destruction of diverse marine ecosystems. In rural areas, extreme temperatures and erratic rainfall drastically affect agricultural productivity, including of both crops and livestock. Energy is the largest greenhouse gas emitting sector, followed by agriculture, industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information

    Climate Projections


    Drought icon

    Increased Dry Spells


    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events


    Sea Level Rise


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas


    Coastal Zones



    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $13 Million

    Clean Energy

    $2 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $11 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    128.6 million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    EC-LEDS Partner Country


    Climate Change Information

    Mexico Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Why do many community-based forestry enterprises (CBFEs) perform poorly even after years of donor and government investment? This was one of the questions that motivated a USAID Productive Landscape (ProLand) project investigation into CBFEs as a strategy for improving land management.
    The Rainforest Alliance is implementing the USAID-supported Alliance for Sustainable Landscapes and Markets project in the states of Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Quintana Roo, Mexico. This alliance involves groups of producers, nonprofit organizations, public institutions, enterprises, and consumers in taking actions towards a better future where people and nature thrive in harmony.
    USAID/Mexico supported an assessment of the energy and greenhouse gas emission benefits associated with pilot projects designed to reduce emissions in Mexico. The online CLEER Tool calculated clean energy benefits for these pilots, providing an easy way to estimate and track current and future energy benefits and emissions reductions from a wide range of clean energy activities.