Image of a yurt on a sparsely forested hillside, surrounded by grass and grazing livestock.


At a Glance

The Asia Regional Mission serves Burma, Laos, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

Mongolia has six ecological zones spanning high mountain alpine systems in the north and east to the vast Gobi Desert in the south. Mongolia is steeped in nomadic tradition, with a little less than half of the population dependent on animal husbandry and rainfed agriculture for its livelihood. The country’s diverse climate, high dependence on coal-based energy, and growing urban population contribute to the country's vulnerability to extreme weather events, in turn, impacting livestock and crops. Mongolia's per capita emissions is among the highest in the world, with the land-use change and forestry sector contributing around half of emissions, followed by the agriculture and energy sectors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Human Health


Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$2.5 Million

Clean Energy

$2.5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

3.25 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Mongolia

Mongolia Photo Gallery

Climate Change Risk Profile: Mongolia
Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Mongolia

Stories from the Area

Since 1991, USAID has been investing in actions that help the Agency in understanding climate change risks and opportunities to reduce vulnerabilities.