Panoramic shot of a mountain village among rice fields in Nepal


At a Glance

The Asia Regional Mission serves Burma, Laos, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

Nepal is highly vulnerable to climate change and has already experienced changes in temperature and precipitation at a faster rate than the global average. Due to its geography, Nepal is exposed to a range of climate risks and water-related hazards triggered by rapid snow- and ice-melt in the mountains and torrential rainfall episodes in the foothills during the monsoon season. Millions of Nepalese are estimated to be at risk from the impacts of climate change including reductions in agricultural production, food insecurity, strained water resources, loss of forests and biodiversity, as well as damaged infrastructure. In Nepal, about half of greenhouse gas emissions come from the agriculture sector, followed by energy, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

    Climate Projections


    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events


    Increase in Annual Precipitation; Increase in Consecutive Dry Days


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas




    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $8.3 Million


    $5 Million

    Clean Energy

    $3.3 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    30.3 million



    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Nepal Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    This blog series features interviews with the winners of the 2020 Climatelinks Photo Contest. This photo, submitted on behalf of iDE Nepal, is available on the Climatelinks Photo Gallery.
    Women are the primary custodians of natural resources in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region and are at the forefront of the impacts of climate change. Yet, when it comes to decision-making and research on managing these resources, women’s voices are rarely heard.
    The USAID-funded Kathmandu Vehicle Alliance (KEVA) program, implemented by Winrock International from 2001 to 2006, continues to benefit the environment and people of Nepal due to its role in expanding the electric vehicle market, which has reduced GHG emissions that lower air quality and contribute to climate change.