Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus

North Macedonia

At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

North Macedonia is characterized by a variable climate, which, combined with rising temperatures and more extreme floods, droughts, and other weather events, puts the country’s agriculture sector at risk. Forests cover nearly half of the country’s land, and higher temperatures combined with drought increase the risk of wild fires. With a relatively open economy, reliance on foreign trade is high and, except during the global economic crisis, economic growth has remained stable since the country gained independence in 1991. The energy sector is the top sector emitter, followed by industrial processes, agriculture, and waste.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas




Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)



Clean Energy


GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

2.13 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: North Macedonia

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: North Macedonia

Stories from the Area

One of the greatest threats to our global community is climate change, and research shows women are more vulnerable than men to its consequences.
A woman in a high visibility vest and a hardhat leans on a table and looks at a bank of computer monitors.
Macedonia is already facing the effects of a changing climate.
Macedonia--Municipal Climate Change Strategies Project2