Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus

North Macedonia

At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

North Macedonia is characterized by a variable climate, which, combined with rising temperatures and more extreme floods, droughts, and other weather events, puts the country’s agriculture sector at risk. Forests cover nearly half of the country’s land, and higher temperatures combined with drought increase the risk of wild fires. With a relatively open economy, reliance on foreign trade is high and, except during the global economic crisis, economic growth has remained stable since the country gained independence in 1991. The energy sector is the top sector emitter, followed by industrial processes, agriculture, and waste.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

    Climate Projections

    Drought icon

    Increased Drought Frequency

    Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas




    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $5 Million

    Clean Energy

    $5 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    2.1 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Stories from the Area

    One of the greatest threats to our global community is climate change, and research shows women are more vulnerable than men to its consequences.
    Macedonia is already facing the effects of a changing climate.