At a Glance
Pakistan lies in a mostly arid and semi-arid geographic area prone to recurring large-scale floods, earthquakes, droughts, and landslides. Natural disasters, which already disrupt livelihoods and the economy, are expected to increase in frequency and intensity. Projected temperature increases are expected to be above global averages, negatively impacting agricultural production, water availability, and human health. In addition, sea level rise and saline intrusion threaten coastal infrastructure, agricultural lands, and aquifers in large cities and the adjoining Indus deltaic region. Current water scarcity is expected to be exacerbated by higher temperatures and longer, more intense droughts. The energy sector contributes nearly half of overall greenhouse gas emissions, followed by agriculture, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste.
Climate Projections and Impacts
Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.
Key Climate Impact Areas
Funding and Key Indicators
Refer to metadata and sources for more details.