At a Glance

Pakistan lies in a mostly arid and semi-arid geographic area prone to recurring large-scale floods, earthquakes, droughts, and landslides. Natural disasters, which already disrupt livelihoods and the economy, are expected to increase in frequency and intensity. Projected temperature increases are expected to be above global averages, negatively impacting agricultural production, water availability, and human health. In addition, sea level rise and saline intrusion threaten coastal infrastructure, agricultural lands, and aquifers in large cities and the adjoining Indus deltaic region. Current water scarcity is expected to be exacerbated by higher temperatures and longer, more intense droughts. The energy sector contributes nearly half of overall greenhouse gas emissions, followed by agriculture, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Increased Frequency/Severity of Natural Disasters

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas




Human Health


Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

247.6 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$3 Million


$2 Million

Clean Energy

$1 Million

Investment Mobilized for Clean Energy (USD) (2022)


Clean Energy Generation Capacity that has Achieved Financial Closure (MW) (2022)


Projected GHG Emission Reduced or Avoided from Clean Energy Through 2030 from Adopted Laws, Policies, Regulations or Technologies (tCO2e) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Pakistan

(GHG) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Pakistan

Pakistan Photo Gallery

Climate Change Risk Profile: Pakistan
Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Pakistan

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