Lake with surrounding forest


At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Peru is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, with rich marine coastal, Andean highlands and Amazonian ecosystems, but this diversity is at risk due to changes in temperature and precipitation. Peru is susceptible to natural disasters including floods, droughts, and landslides, whose frequency, severity, and impacts are compounded by the El Niño Southern Oscillation and will be amplified by increased climate change and variability. Combined with ongoing problems such as agricultural expansion, deforestation, illegal mining, and air and water pollution, these climate risks threaten recent advancements in Peru’s development. The land-use change and forestry sector contribute around half of the country’s overall greenhouse gas emissions, followed by energy and agriculture.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017).

Additional Information: Peru Climate Change Country Profile & Fact Sheet on

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas




Human Health


Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

32.4 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Average GHG Emissions Growth due to Deforestation




Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$6 Million


$1 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$5 Million

Investment Mobilized for Climate Change Adaptation (USD) (2022)


Reduced or Sequestered GHG Emissions through Sustainable Landscapes Activities (metric tons) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Peru

Climate Risk Profile

Perfil de Riesgo Climático: Perú


La tala ilegal en la Amazonía peruana

Report cover page with photo of eight people in a long canoe

SilvaCarbon - Peru

Stories from the Area

The following blogs highlight some of the ways USAID is working at the intersection of climate and agriculture and food systems.
Picture in April 2023, shows a rice farm in Majin Gari, Lavun Local Government Area of Niger State (Long: 6.113753, Lat: 9.07204), Nigeria, by Salihu Idris (in the plot), was fertilized solely with biochar and compost, and no synthetic fertilizers, yielded 4.5 tons/ha, without any release of carbon emissions from the farming activity. The farmer, Salisu, is one of the participants of the USAID Feed the Future Nigeria Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services Activity implemented by Winrock International.
PERU-Hub is a dynamic research and innovation center that explores advanced technologies in climate resilience, crop diversification, and food production to improve the livelihoods of rural farmers in Peru.
Peruvian couple show their coffee that grows among shade trees
O projeto da USAID de Capacitação de Organizações Indígenas na Amazônia (SCIOA) reuniu as três organizações indígenas da Amazônia brasileira que receberam apoio nos últimos quatro anos para celebrar o final do projeto em março de 2023.
Jovens participam de atividade de troca de conhecimentos agrícolas e geracionais em Roraima, Brasil