Lake with surrounding forest

Peru

At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Peru is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, with rich marine coastal, Andean highlands and Amazonian ecosystems, but this diversity is at risk due to changes in temperature and precipitation. Peru is susceptible to natural disasters including floods, droughts, and landslides, whose frequency, severity, and impacts are compounded by the El Niño Southern Oscillation and will be amplified by increased climate change and variability. Combined with ongoing problems such as agricultural expansion, deforestation, illegal mining, and air and water pollution, these climate risks threaten recent advancements in Peru’s development. The land-use change and forestry sector contribute around half of the country’s overall greenhouse gas emissions, followed by energy and agriculture.

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.


    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)

    Total

    $9 Million

    Adaptation

    $3 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $6 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability

    Medium

    Population (2020)

    31.9 Million

    Glacier-Dependent

    Yes

    GHG Emissions Growth

    1.45%

    % Forested Area

    57.7%

    Climate Change Information

    Peru Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Perú es el cuarto país con el mayor volumen de turba tropical, cuya mayor parte se encuentra relativamente menos degradada en comparación con otras regiones del mundo. Sin embargo, esto podría cambiar. La creciente presión del desarrollo y la carencia de políticas específicas de protección ponen en riesgo a las turberas de Perú y sus reservas de carbono.
    Peru stands as the country with the fourth-highest volume of tropical peat, most of which is relatively less degraded than in other regions of the world. However, this could change. Increasing development pressure and lack of peatland-specific protection policies puts Peru's peatlands— and its carbon reserves—at risk. 
    Los bosques cubren 69 millones de hectáreas en Perú, y representan casi un 60% del país (MINAM 2014). Las Regiones Loreto y Ucayali son las dos regiones amazónicas más grandes del Perú y están tradicionalmente ocupadas y protegidas por Pueblos Indígenas, asentados en comunidades nativas.