A step mountainside is seen from a ridge, with multiple terraces cascading down the side from top to bottom.


At a Glance

Rwanda has experienced strong economic growth in recent years, accompanied by significant progress on development goals. Drier dry seasons followed by more frequent and intense rainfall harm key industries such as hydropower production and agricultural exports. A wetter climate may also increase the incidence of vector and waterborne diseases such as malaria, which is already a leading cause of death in the country. Rwanda has one of the highest reforestation rates globally, which has mitigated greenhouse gas emissions from the land use and forestry sector--while in gross terms, it is the highest gross emitting sector in the country, the added tree cover makes it the fourth highest net emitter.




Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2019) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Incidence of Dry Spells/Droughts & Increased Heat Wave Duration

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts




Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$1.5 Million


$1.5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

13.4 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Rwanda

Rwanda Photo Gallery


Cold Storage Business Models from Developing Countries


Climate Risk Profile: East Africa Regional

Stories from the Area

This blog is a recap of the April ‘Mitigation and Low-Emissions Agriculture’ theme.
The image of rice fields is starting to be planted with wet rice in the spring crop. The farmers worked hard and had a buffalo as a companion. The terraced fields in Sapa - Vietnam are very beautiful. This season of the year is very suitable for planting wet rice. People have grasped the favorable climate to grow wet rice.
Reducing livestock emissions while increasing production efficiency is key in Africa and can be achieved through better livestock feeding practices and more efficient management techniques. 
Several cows standing in barn stalls
The five-year Feed the Future Hinga Weze project closed in 2022 after supporting the sustainable intensification of Rwandan smallholder farming systems for 733,000 farmers. The project worked to increase the resilience of Rwanda’s agricultural and food systems to a changing climate.
Harvesting French beans at one the solar-powered irrigation sites set by Feed the Future Rwanda Hinga Weze Activity in one of Rwanda's drought-prone districts of Bugesera.