At a Glance
South Africa is characterized by a generally warm climate, with cooler temperatures in high altitude regions. In the past several decades, minimum and maximum temperatures have become both more frequent and extreme. The country's extensive coastline is impacted by heavy waves and storm surges, as well as rapid urbanization. South Africa's most significant climate vulnerabilities stem from water availability challenges. Warming temperatures and variable rainfall will increase evaporation and decrease stream flows, with negative implications for water storage systems. South Africa's greenhouse gas emissions are largely driven by electricity and heat production.
Climate Projections and Impacts
Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.