Image of a class of young children, all in pink t-shirts, looking up and making funny faces toward the camera.

South Sudan

At a Glance

The East Africa Regional Mission serves South Sudan and Sudan.

South Sudan faces several development challenges due to decades of political instability, poverty, and persistent food insecurity, all of which are exacerbated by climate change. The country has one of the richest agricultural areas in Africa with fertile soils and abundant water, but frequent flooding, droughts, ongoing conflict, and the displacement of millions of people have drastically reduced food production to the point of being considered food insecure. Nearly all of the population depends on climate-sensitive natural resources, particularly rainfed subsistence agriculture. Rapid population growth and the expansion of farming and pastoralism, coupled with climate change, could aggravate South Sudan’s fragile situation and exacerbate existing tensions and conflict. South Sudan’s total GHG emissions are dominated by

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas

Crop Production



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2022)


$3.5 Million


$3.5 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

12.1 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: South Sudan

South Sudan Photo Gallery


Climate Risk Profile: East Africa Regional

Stories from the Area

To track water availability for livestock and agriculture across Africa, scientists with FEWS NET developed a Water Point Viewer that monitors 338 rangeland ponds. 
Boy sitting in cart pulled by donkey's on pond shore
The 2023 Climatelinks Photo Contest was a great success. We received over 250 submissions from the Climatelinks community, representing more than 40 countries. Congratulations to the winners!
Kaarinah Luvongo overlooks the turbines at the Ngong Wind Power Station in Ngong, Kenya.
The East African Community (EAC) and its Partner States—Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda—strive to manage and sustain the region’s iconic ecosystems through collaboration and policymaking.
A gorilla in the forest of the Biwindi Impenetrable National Park