A woman in a red shawl walks away from the camera with her friends. A baby in the woman's arms looks back towards the camera.


At a Glance

The East Africa Regional Mission serves South Sudan and Sudan.

Sudan is among the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate variability and change. Increased frequency of droughts and high rainfall variability over the past few decades have already put stress on the region’s rainfed agriculture and pastoralist systems, the dominant livelihoods in rural areas. In addition to unstable crop production and shrinking productive land and water resources, ongoing conflicts leading to millions of displaced people and population growth add pressure to an already strained natural resource base. The land-use change and forestry sector is the top emitter, followed by the agriculture, energy, industrial processes, and waste sectors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas

Crop Production



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2022)



GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

49.1 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Country Plans & Commitments

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Sudan


Climate Risk Profile: East Africa Regional

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Sudan

Stories from the Area