Panoramic view of a residential neighborhood in Carthage, Tunisia.


At a Glance

Tunisia, a lower-middle income country located in North Africa on the southern Mediterranean, is vulnerable to climate variability and change in numerous ways. Stressors such as rising temperatures and varied precipitation levels coupled with potential increased frequency of extreme events, such as floods and droughts, could threaten agriculture, economic development, and availability of water resources throughout the country. Tunisia’s susceptibility to climate variability and change is also tied to its reliance on agriculture and tourism. Sea level rise threatens the water-scarce, low-lying islands off Tunisia’s coast, where climate change will likely exacerbate existing water security challenges and may also result in coastal erosion and increased evapotranspiration due to rising temperatures. The energy sector was the primary emitter. Within the sector, electricity, heat production, and transportation comprised the majority of energy emissions.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Longer Drought
Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas




Human Health


Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$3 Million

Clean Energy

$3 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

11.9 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Tunisia

Stories from the Area