Image of windswept sand dunes with a few clumps of grass interspersed.


At a Glance


The Central Asia region includes: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and the Kyrgyz Republic. Stretching from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north, the landlocked region boasts an ethnically and linguistically diverse population, and already suffers from significant climate change. Expected climate change stressors include increases in temperature, extreme weather events, and glacial melt, while likely impacts include continued expansion of deserts and arid areas. The worsening degradation of biodiversity, natural habitats, and ecosystems due to climate stressors increases vulnerability of impoverished and rural areas, which largely lack the financial or political capacity to overcome these growing challenges.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas





Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)



Clean Energy


GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

5.7 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Central Asia

Stories from the Area

The USAID Regional Water and Vulnerable Environment Activity is helping youth spark the uptake of innovative practices to increase water security and climate change adaptation.
Two youth kneeling in field next to large red rose