A woman with a baby on her back stands proudly in a fenced garden plot.


At a Glance

Uganda lies within a relatively humid equatorial climate zone, with large differences in rainfall patterns across the country. Rising temperatures and projected rainfall increases during dry seasons threaten key crops in the country's agriculture sector such as coffee, rice, and maize. Threats to coffee production also have negative implications for the country's economy, as it entails one of Uganda's major exports. Roughly 75% of the population lives in rural areas, and most households report no significant buffers against climate stressors. Uganda's greenhouse gas emissions are dominated by the agriculture sector, with enteric fermentation and inefficient animal waste management systems as the leading contributors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

Climate Projections


Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability


Increased/More Frequent Precipitation


Sea Level Rise


Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts

Crop Production



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding and Key Indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


$4 Million


$4 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2020)

43.3 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Climate Change Information

Uganda Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

Forest protection plays a critical role in maintaining the world’s biodiversity, mitigating climate change, and supporting global economic growth.
Beverage company AB InBev and its Uganda subsidiary Nile Breweries has explored ways to increase the resilience of their small-scale grain farmers to the effects of climate change. Their process has been documented by the Sustainable Food Lab in the case study Improving Grain Sector Climate-Smart Awareness and Decision-Making.
Cyclone Idai left more than 1,000 people dead and thousands more missing, potentially affecting millions in Southern Africa. As emergency response and recovery efforts continue, another disaster is likely unfolding elsewhere on the continent: Idai pulled precipitation South, away from Eastern Africa, resulting in persistent dry conditions affecting crops at the start of the main growing season. That’s where NASA Earth Observations come in.