Natural forest in Tay Giang, Vietnam


At a Glance

Vietnam is considered one of the most hazard-prone countries in the world, experiencing typhoons, floods, droughts, and landslides. The country’s poorer populations are now concentrated in mostly rural areas with precarious housing and social infrastructure and low-lying roads highly susceptible to flooding, and are highly dependent on climate-sensitive livelihoods such as fishing and rainfed agriculture. Growing industrial and service sectors have reduced the relative contribution of agriculture, forestry, and fishing to gross domestic product, but these sectors still collectively contribute a significant amount of gross domestic product and employ less than half of the country’s labor force. The energy sector was responsible for more than half of greenhouse gas emissions, followed by agriculture, industrial processes, waste, and land-use change and forestry.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

Additional Information: Vietnam Climate Change Country Profile & Fact Sheet on

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Coastal Ecosystems



Water Resources

Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

104.7 million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Average GHG Emissions Growth due to Deforestation


Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$12 Million


$4 Million

Clean Energy

$3 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$5 Million

Investment Mobilized for Sustainable Landscapes (USD) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Vietnam


Incorporating Land and Resource Governance into Climate Change Programming

Stories from the Area

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