A male teacher lectures a group of women in black hijabs and amongst a field of vines on stalks.


At a Glance

As the poorest and most water-insecure country in the Middle East and North African region, Yemen faces serious risks from climate change that threaten the already fragile state of the country. Severe food insecurity and water scarcity, worsening gender inequality, widespread poverty, and a lack of economic growth in Yemen are all compounded by ongoing armed conflict that began in 2014. These challenges intersect with and are intensified by climate change impacts. Increased temperatures, extreme weather events, and sea level rise are likely to worsen food insecurity and water scarcity and adversely affect coastal zones. The energy sector is the predominant source of GHG emissions in Yemen, followed by the agriculture sector.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

    Climate Projections

    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

    Sea Level Rise

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas


    Coastal Zones

    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    30.0 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Stories from the Area

    In the dry, rugged landscape of south-central Yemen, Anower Al Bosair tends tomatoes on the small farm that supports his large family. Though the region is severely affected by water shortages, Al Bosair’s tomatoes are thriving.