A male teacher lectures a group of women in black hijabs and amongst a field of vines on stalks.


At a Glance

As the poorest and most water-insecure country in the Middle East and North African region, Yemen faces serious risks from climate change that threaten the already fragile state of the country. Severe food insecurity and water scarcity, worsening gender inequality, widespread poverty, and a lack of economic growth in Yemen are all compounded by ongoing armed conflict that began in 2014. These challenges intersect with and are intensified by climate change impacts. Increased temperatures, extreme weather events, and sea level rise are likely to worsen food insecurity and water scarcity and adversely affect coastal zones. The energy sector is the predominant source of GHG emissions in Yemen, followed by the agriculture sector.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas


Coastal Zones

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding & Country Climate Context

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2023)

31.5 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Yemen

Yemen Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

In the dry, rugged landscape of south-central Yemen, Anower Al Bosair tends tomatoes on the small farm that supports his large family. Though the region is severely affected by water shortages, Al Bosair’s tomatoes are thriving.
A Yemeni farmer installs drip irrigation in a newly planted field.