At a Glance

Changes in climate pose challenges to Zambia’s ongoing efforts to combat poverty, reduce food insecurity, and sustainably manage natural resources. Despite the country's graduation to low middle-income status, more than half of the country's population live under the poverty line and are most vulnerable to climate impacts and extreme events such as droughts and floods. Along with impacts to livelihoods, the increased frequency and intensity of droughts and floods over the last two decades have also adversely impacted food and water security and energy generation. The land-use change and forestry sector contributed more than half of overall greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the energy, agriculture, waste, and industrial processes sectors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Variable Rainfall But Total Averages Decreasing

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas





Human Health

Water Resources

Country Climate Context

Population (2023)

20.2 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Average GHG Emissions Growth due to Deforestation


Funding & Key indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2023)


$6.5 Million


$2 Million

Sustainable Landscapes

$4.5 Million

Investment Mobilized for Climate Change Adaptation (USD) (2022)

$20 Million

Investment Mobilized for Sustainable Landscapes (USD) (2022)


Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

Climate Change Information

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Zambia

Climate Risk Profile

Climate Risk Profile: Southern Africa

Zambia Photo Gallery


Incorporating Land and Resource Governance into Climate Change Programming

Stories from the Area

USAID’s HEARTH initiative aims to advance both the sustainable conservation of threatened landscapes and the well-being and prosperity of communities.
Single puku standing still on misty plains
Hundreds of sector practitioners participated in the UN-Habitat’s 5th Congress of the Global Water Operators Partnership Alliance (GWOPA).
Photo of several dozen attendees standing and chatting in lobby area
As USAID’s Land and Resource Governance Division reflects on the climate crisis, we know that it’s crucial to continue using innovative, evidence-based, and context-appropriate approaches to address land-related challenges within the context of climate change.