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This website was archived in May 2018 and is no longer being updated – it remains in its original format for informational purposes only. For questions pertaining to this archived content, please contact the USAID Office for Global Climate Change - [email protected]

Photo of a city with older and newer buildings

Ukraine has taken a strong stance on climate change mitigation, committing to reducing economy-wide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, 20% by 2020 and 50% by 2050, relative to 1990 levels.

Through the EC-LEDS program, Ukraine and the United States are working to enhance climate change policies and mitigation activities at both national and subnational levels. National-level efforts are focused on improving the national GHG inventory system to support comprehensive and informed national low emission development strategies (LEDS) policy decisions and implementation. At the regional level, support for sustainable energy action plans strives to build a bottom-up approach to ensure transparency of and alignment with national-level strategies.

Environmental/Economic Data

Pie chart image entitled, "Ukraine GDP by Sector (2015)," showing: Agriculture 14%, Industry 26%, and Services 60%.

Top Three GHG Emitting Sectors (2012)

  1. Energy
  2. Agriculture
  3. Industry

Source: World Resources Institute

GDP Average Annual Growth Rate (%)

  • 10-year (2006-2015): -0.4% per year
  • 5-year (2011-2015): -2.2% per year

Source: World Bank

GHG Emission Growth (%)

  • 20-year (1993-2012): - 39.8% 
  • 5-year (2008-2012): -6.2%

Source: World Resources Institute

Forested Area (% of total land area)

2015: 16.7%

Source: World Bank

Renewable Energy Contribution to Electricity Generation (%)

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

Investing in Clean Energy. The U.S. helped mobilize more than $70 million in clean energy project investments across 17 partner cities in Ukraine. Projects ranged from investment-grade energy audits of public buildings and implementation of energy efficiency measures to helping cities qualify for grants to improve their public transport systems. Increasing investment in clean energy will help Ukraine curb air pollution, increase energy security, and open new markets for clean energy entrepreneurs. - 2016

Clean Electricity National Roadmap Adopted. With U.S. support, Ukraine, along with seven other eastern European countries, developed and adopted a national roadmap to support a regional regulatory environment that will facilitate competitive retail electricity market development. Together, these retail electricity markets will enable consumers to choose where their energy comes from, including cleaner options. - 2016

Enhancing Ukraine’s National Inventory System. EC-LEDS program modeling experts have been working with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and Ministry of Economic Development and Trade to enhance the national GHG inventory system by aligning it with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's best practices to facilitate informed LEDS policy decisions and LEDS implementation. An improved inventory will enable Ukraine to accurately report its emissions, which helps show the progress that all countries are making to address climate change. – Ongoing

Waste-to-Energy Legislation Strengthened. Leveraging lessons learned from three waste-to-energy pilot projects, the EC-LEDS program partnered with Ukrainian officials to draft legislation that will incentivize future public-private solid waste management strategies that support clean energy production and reduce GHG emissions. – 2014 

Use of Analytical Tools for LEDS Planning Expanded. The EC-LEDS program worked with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and Ministry of Economic Development and Trade to update the TIMES-Ukraine national macroeconomic model, which will be used to evaluate impacts of GHG emission mitigation actions through 2050 and to inform climate change decision- and policy-making. – 2014

Additional Resources

Organizations and Programs


If you have any questions about Ukraine's activities through the EC-LEDS program, please contact us