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This website was archived in May 2018 and is no longer being updated – it remains in its original format for informational purposes only. For questions pertaining to this archived content, please contact the USAID Office for Global Climate Change - [email protected]

Photo of a blue mountain range

Guatemala’s 2013 Climate Change Framework Law created the government structure to address its climate change priorities: reducing vulnerability to environmental disasters, building adaptation capacity, and mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which are laid out in the 2009 National Climate Change Policy.

Through the EC-LEDS program, Guatemala and the U.S. government are partnering to build institutional capacity to respond to climate change. They are working together to promote active participation from civil society and the private sector in order to reduce the effects of climate change and mitigate GHG emissions.

Environmental/Economic Data

Pie chart image entitled, "Guatemala GDP by Sector (2015)," showing: Agriculture 13%, Industry 27%, and Services 63%.

Top Three GHG Emitting Sectors (2012)

  1. Land use
  2. Energy
  3. Agriculture

Source: World Resources Institute

GDP Average Annual Growth Rate (%)

  • 10-year (2006-2015): 3.8% per year
  • 5-year (2011-2015): 3.8% per year

Source: World Bank


GHG Emission Growth (%)

  • 20-year (1993-2012): 72.7%
  • 5-year (2008-2012): 2.6%

Source: World Resources Institute


Forested Area (% of total land area)

2015: 33.0%

Source: World Bank

Renewable Energy Contribution to Electricity Generation (%)

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

Improving Economic Efficiencies. The EC-LEDS program is working with key private sector counterparts, including industry associations, farmer associations, and cooperatives, to implement practices and technologies that reduce GHG emissions, improve competitiveness, and increase manufacturing efficiencies in the Guatemalan economy. A first round of seminars highlighted the utility of corporate GHG inventories and the competitive advantages they can provide to businesses. – Ongoing

Engaging Communities. The EC-LEDS program is working with local communities to advance market-driven conservation strategies that support the development and implementation of national and subnational REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) strategies, while enhancing adaptation capacity to the impacts of climate change. – Ongoing

Supporting Climate Change Information Systems. In coordination with the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, U.S. climate change experts developed data collection procedures and protocols for each of the Guatemala’s five major greenhouse gas (GHG) emission categories: agriculture, energy, industry, waste, and land use, land use change. A new Ministry decree created the National Climate Change Information System, providing official legal backing for the use of these protocols as tools for national GHG accounting and further strengthening the institutional arrangements for emissions reporting designed with project support. – 2016

Zero-Carbon Footprint Initiative Launched. Seven technical experts, sponsored and trained by the EC-LEDS program, helped Guatemala launch the Guatemala Zero-Carbon Footprint Initiative to organize climate change activities across key Guatemalan ministries—Environment and Natural Resources, Planning, and Forestry and Protected Areas—under one umbrella. The experts will continue to support coordination and strengthen the ministries’ capacity to address climate change. – 2014

Land-Use and Forest Cover Maps Updated. EC-LEDS program forestry experts collaborated with a team of government ministries and university technical experts to update land-use and forest cover maps and to highlight land-use change from over the last decade. The maps will be used to help implement sustainable forest management practices. – 2014

Additional Resources


National Climate Change Policy (Spanish)

Organizations and Programs


If you have any questions about Guatemala's activities through the EC-LEDS program, please contact us