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This website was archived in May 2018 and is no longer being updated – it remains in its original format for informational purposes only. For questions pertaining to this archived content, please contact the USAID Office for Global Climate Change - [email protected]

Photo of a hydropower plant on a body of water with hills behind it

As a member of the Energy Community, Serbia has committed to adopting core European Union energy legislation that supports an integrated and transparent regional energy market, encourages clean energy investment, and lowers greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Serbia has already published national-level renewable energy and energy efficiency action plans to guide low emission growth in the energy sector.

Through the EC-LEDS program, Serbia and the United States are working with regional energy regulators to harmonize the policy, legal, and regulatory frameworks for renewable energy development to support implementation of the Energy Community goals. 

Environmental/Economic Data

Pie chart image entitled, "Serbia GDP by Sector (2015)," showing: Agriculture 9%, Industry 42%, and Services 48%.

Top Three GHG Emitting Sectors (2012)

  1. Energy
  2. Agriculture
  3. Waste

Source: World Resources Institute

GDP Average Annual Growth Rate (%)

  • 10-year (2006-2015): 1.6% per year
  • 5-year (2011-2015): 0.4% per year

Source: World Bank

GHG Emission Growth (%)

  • 20-year (1993-2012): 14.3% 
  • 5-year (2008-2012): -9.8% 

Source: World Resources Institute

Forested Area (% of total land area)

2015: 31.1%

Source: World Bank

Renewable Energy Contribution to Electricity Generation (%)

EC-LEDS Activities

Accomplishments and Progress

Clean Electricity National Roadmap Adopted. With U.S. support, Serbia, along with seven other eastern European countries, developed and adopted a national roadmap to support a regional regulatory environment that will facilitate competitive retail electricity market development. Together, these retail electricity markets will enable consumers to choose where their energy comes from, including cleaner options. - 2016

Promoting Reliable Distribution Interconnections. U.S. technical experts are working with distribution system operators (DSOs) in Serbia to improve the climate resilience of their power distribution systems. Serbian DSOs are enacting recommendations from an innovative regional benchmarking study on service quality and system reliability. Reliable transmission and distribution infrastructure throughout the region is needed for the cross border trade of electricity generated by clean and innovative energy technologies. – Ongoing 

Regional Transmission Planning Supported. U.S. grid infrastructure experts collaborated with electricity transmission system operators in Serbia and other eastern and southeastern European countries to identify and prioritize regional transmission investments that are needed to expand regional electricity investment and trade and to support integration of large-scale wind power development throughout the region. – 2014

Additional Resources

Organizations and Programs


If you have any questions about Serbia's activities through the EC-LEDS program, please contact us