Thanh Hoa’s Green Growth Task Force worked with U.S. partners—led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)—to formulate realistic, data driven renewable energy targets and low-emission development options for its own action plan. The action plan will support Vietnam’s National Green Growth Strategy.
Vietnam’s country-wide strategy establishes a vision to advance low-emission, climate-resilient development and encourages all provinces to develop their own action plans.
Thanh Hoa’s Green Growth Action Plan
In August 2016, the Thanh Hoa task force announced its Green Growth Action Plan, which establishes a target of more than 140 megawatts (MW) of renewable energy installed by 2030. Combined with economy-wide, low carbon actions, the plan seeks a 14% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2020 and 23% reduction by 2030, compared to a baseline scenario.
Thanh Hoa policymakers are now shifting focus toward implementing critical actions articulated in its plan. In particular, renewable energy project concept notes are being developed to catalyze renewable energy investment based on the robust geospatial analysis undertaken through the partnership activities.
Renewable Energy Targets
Than Hoa’s Green Growth Action Plan includes the following renewable energy targets:
- Ground-mounted solar photovoltaics (PV) – 20 MW by 2020, and 100 MW by 2030
- Rooftop solar PV – 40 buildings each 20 kilowatts by 2030
- Wind power – 20 MW by 2020, and 40 MW by 2030.
For the plan, the task force finalized these targets, along with prioritizing low emission development options in the energy sector, using Renewable Energy (RE) Data Explorer tool outputs and other analyses, such as the Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) Model.
Renewable Energy Data Explorer
To help develop targets, the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed an RE Data Explorer tool for Thanh Hoa. The tool provides a platform to visualize and analyze province-specific geospatial data on wind, solar, and biomass resources alongside locations of:
- Transmission lines
- Protected areas
- Other land and infrastructure features.
Thanh Hoa’s task force and analysts used the RE Data Explorer tool to estimate generation potential for solar, wind, and biomass energy; and to identify the most promising locations for renewable energy development in the province.
Capacity Building to Support Analytically Based Decision-Making
With support from USAID’s Low Emissions Asian Development and Vietnam Forests and Deltas programs, NREL led an in-depth workshop in 2015 on the RE Data Explorer tool for Thanh Hoa’s task force and other policymakers and analysts. At the workshop, they learned how to apply and customize the tool for evaluating renewable energy opportunities.
Participants identified and assessed renewable energy scenarios to provide a basis for Thanh Hoa’s 2020 and 2030 renewable energy targets. They then validated the RE Data Explorer outputs to ensure incorporation into the final targets. Finally, the team developing Thanh Hoa’s Green Growth Action Plan used these targets as inputs for the LEAP Model, the platform used to develop Thanh Hoa’s economy-wide emissions scenarios under business-as-usual or a green growth pathway.
After the workshop, U.S. partners followed up with remote assistance to support ongoing use of the RE Data Explorer tool and refinement of the renewable energy targets.
Learn more about EC-LEDS program activities in Vietnam.