Farmer group of Nagari Gunung Padang Alai, Padang Pariaman District in Indonesia learn about micro climate for a season.  Group members, mainly female, learn about how to measure rain fall, temperature and humidity. Photo credit: Madonna.

Integration

Climate change impacts development. Increased frequency and intensity of extreme events damages schools, hospitals and roads. Changing precipitation patterns impact agricultural productivity. The incidence and distribution of water-borne and vector-borne diseases are changing. USAID activities have the potential to help people, communities, governments and other institutions in developing countries adapt to actual and expected changes in climate. USAID activities can also support reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, altering the very trajectory of climate change.
 
A number of USAID activities are now contributing to both climate change and development objectives, including pilots meant to generate insights about effective approaches to climate change integration.  The agency also invests significantly in formal and informal training of its staff on global climate change considerations to grow its technical capacity across all sectors to address climate change.  Through its Agency Adaptation Plan, USAID is implementing 35 priorities to better respond to climate change vulnerabilities throughout agency programs and operations.  Finally, USAID is systematically conducting climate risk management of all new USAID strategies, projects and activities to improve their impact and sustainability.
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Climate Risk Management at USAID
As of October 1, 2016, USAID systematically assesses and addresses climate risk in new strategies, projects, and activities to ensure they are resilient to current and future climate. Climate risk management ensures USAID safeguards development gains and uses development dollars wisely so that today's investments provide value for many years to come.
Climate Risk Management Resources
USAID provides guidance and resources to support climate risk management for country and regional strategies, as well as projects and activities. Country profiles summarize climate stressors, climate risks and GHG emissions, highlighting the linkages between climate and USAID programs.
Climate Change Integration in Agriculture
In Ethiopia, the Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME) project aims to boost the incomes of pastoral people and improve their capacity to adapt to climate change. Since 2012, PRIME has helped 250,000 households diversify their incomes, increase livestock productivity and improve their nutrition. USAID support is also helping to develop better drought warning systems. Through rangeland councils, herders are prioritizing their needs to better ensure sustainable management of water and pasture.
Climate Change Integration in Health
Intermittent Rice Irrigation in Peru helps control malaria; improve the management of climate-threatened irrigation water supply; reduce climate vulnerability; and lower methane emissions. In pilots projects farmers are using less water and agrochemicals. Yields have risen and the prevalence of mosquitos has dropped. Based on this evidence, in July 2014 the Peruvian government passed a decree to implement intermittent rice irrigation throughout rice-growing areas.
Climate Change Integration in Energy
USAID’s Energy Utility Partnership aims to increase clean energy production while providing Afghanistan with needed electricity. Through an exchange with Indonesian counterparts, Afghan officials gained exposure on the technical, financial, policy and regulatory considerations for clean energy integration. Knowledge gained will support establishing Afghanistan’s first reverse auction to bring 10 MW of grid-connected solar power online in Kandahar. This illustrates USAID’s work across all funding streams to achieve climate benefits.
Assessing Progress: USAID’s Climate Integration
To assess its climate integration progress, USAID analyzed the extent of integration in a sample of agency solicitations at three points in time and across development sectors. Overall, sixteen percent of non-climate funded solicitations incorporated climate. A significant increase followed the initiation of the presidential Global Climate Change Initiative. Assessment results help identify areas of successful integration and supporting factors, as well as opportunities to increase considerations of climate moving forward.

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